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Company Information

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NACL INDUSTRIES LTD.

21 September 2021 | 12:00

Industry >> Agro Chemicals/Pesticides

Select Another Company

ISIN No INE295D01020 52Week High 89 Book Value (Rs.) 18.72 Face Value 1.00
Bookclosure 24/09/2021 52Week Low 30 EPS 2.58 P/E 28.77
Market Cap. 1466.77 Cr. P/BV 3.96 Div Yield (%) 0.54 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

ACCOUNTING POLICY

You can view the entire text of Accounting Policy of the company for the latest year.
Year End :2018-03 

1. General Information

NACL Industries Limited (formerly Nagarjuna Agrichem Limited) (“the Company”), is a Public Limited Company listed with the BSE Limited and National Stock Exchange Limited. The Company is in the business of crop protection and manufactures both Technicals (Active Ingredient - AI) and Formulations. It manufactures all kinds of pesticides, insecticides, acaricides, herbicides, fungicides and other plant growth chemicals. The Company’s formulation business is mainly in the Indian market and sells through its large retail dealer network of nearly 12,500 dealers, spread across India. The Company has a range of branded formulations. It also exports technicals and formulations and does toll manufacture for certain multinational companies.

2. Significant accounting policies

2.1 Statement of compliance

The standalone financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (“Ind AS”) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act”) read with Rule 3 of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016.

Upto the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the requirements of previous generally accepted accounting principles (“Previous GAAP”), which includes Accounting Standards (“AS”) notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

These are the Company’s first Ind AS financial statements. The date of transition to Ind AS is April 1, 2016. Refer Note 32 for the details of reconciliations from Previous GAAP and first-time adoption exemptions availed by the Company.

2.2 Basis for preparation and presentation

The standalone financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis except for certain financial instruments that are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, and on accrual basis.

Historical cost is generally based on the fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In estimating the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Fair value for measurement and/or disclosure purposes in these standalone financial statements is determined on such a basis, except for share-based payment transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 102, leasing transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 17, and measurements that have some similarities to fair value but are not fair value, such as net realizable value in Ind AS 2 or value in use in Ind AS 36.

In addition, for financial reporting purposes, fair value measurements are categorized into Level 1, 2, or 3 based on the degree to which the inputs to the fair value measurements are observable and the significance of the inputs to the fair value measurement in its entirety, which are described as follows:

- Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date;

- Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; and

- Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. Based on the nature of activities of the Company and the average time between acquisition of assets and their realization in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

The principal accounting policies are set out below.

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions. These estimates, judgments and assumptions affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the periods reported.

The management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates - estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. The effects of changes in accounting estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which results are known and, if material, are disclosed in the financial statements.

2.4 Revenue recognition

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable.

a) Sale of goods is recognized net of returns and trade discounts, when the significant risk and rewards of the ownership of goods are transferred to the buyers. Sales includes amounts recovered towards excise duty and exclude sales tax/value added tax/goods and service tax. Revenue also recognized on sale of goods in case where the delivery is kept pending at the instance of the customer, the risk and rewards are transferred and customer takes the title and accepts billing as per usual payment terms.

b) Revenue from processing/conversion services is recognized when the underlying goods are manufactured and ready for delivery i.e. on completion of service.

c) Export benefits and other excise benefits are accounted for on accrual basis.

2.5 Other income

a) Dividend income from investments is recognized in the year in which the right to receive the payment is established.

b) Interest income from a financial asset is recognized when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably. Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable, which is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to that asset’s net carrying amount on initial recognition.

2.6 Leasing As a lessee

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

Operating lease

The lease rentals under such agreements are recognized in the statement of profit and loss as per the terms of the lease. Rental expense from operating leases is generally recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease. Where the rentals are structured solely to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor’s expected inflationary cost increases, such increases are recognized in the year in which such benefits accrue.

As a lessor

Operating lease

Lease income from operating leases where the Company is a lessor is recognized in income on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless the receipts are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increases.

2.7 insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted/expected to be admitted and to the extent that the amount recoverable can be measured reliably and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection.

2.8 Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of the Company are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which entity operates (i.e. “functional currency”). The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupee ('), the national currency of India, which is the functional currency of the Company.

2.9 Foreign currencies

In preparing the financial statements of the Company, transactions in currencies other than the entity’s functional currency (foreign currencies) are recognized at the rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transactions. At the end of each reporting period, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing at that date. Non-monetary items carried at fair value that are denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing at the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are not retranslated.

Exchange differences on monetary items are recognized in statement of profit and loss in the period in which they arise.

2.10 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale.

Interest income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalisation.

All other borrowing costs are recognized in statement of profit and loss in the period in which they are incurred.

2.11 Government grants

The benefit of a government loan/subsidy at a below-market rate of interest is treated as a government grant, measured as the difference between proceeds received and the fair value of the loan based on effective interest rates.

2.12 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include Provident fund, employee’s state insurance scheme, gratuity fund and compensated absences.

2.12.1 Defined contribution plans

Contributions in respect of Employees Provident Fund and Pension Fund which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a fund administered through Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and are charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

2.12.2 Defined benefit plans

The Company’s Gratuity scheme for its employees is a defined benefit retirement benefit plan. Obligations under the gratuity scheme is covered under a Scheme of Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and contributions in respect of such scheme are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. The liability as at the Balance Sheet date is provided for using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out as at the end of the year.

Remeasurement, comprising actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the changes to the asset ceiling (if applicable) and the return on plan assets (excluding net interest), is reflected immediately in the balance sheet with a charge or credit recognized in other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur. Remeasurement recognized in other comprehensive income is reflected immediately in retained earnings and is not reclassified to statement of profit and loss.

Defined benefit costs are categorized as follows:

- service cost (including current service cost, past service cost, as well as gains and losses on curtailments and settlements);

- net interest expense or income; and

- remeasurement

The Company presents the first two components of defined benefit costs in profit or loss in the line item ‘Employee benefits expense’. Curtailment gains and losses are accounted for as past service costs. Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate at the beginning of the period to the net defined benefit liability or asset.

2.12.3 Short-term employee benefits

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absences. The employees can carry-forward a portion of the unutilized accrued compensated absence and utilize it in future periods or receive cash compensation at retirement or termination of employment for the unutilized accrued compensated absence. The Company records an obligation for compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increase this entitlement. The Company measures the expected cost of compensated absence based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at the balance sheet date on projected unit credit method.

2.12.4 Other long-term employee benefits

Other long term employee benefit comprise of leave encashment which is provided for based on the actuarial valuation carried out as at the end of the year. Liabilities recognized in respect of other long-term employee benefits are measured at the present value of the estimated future cash outflows expected to be made by the Company in respect of services provided by employees up to the reporting date.

2.13 Share based payment arrangement

Equity-settled share-based payments to employees and others providing similar services are measured at the fair value of the equity instruments at the grant date.

The fair value determined at the grant date of the equity-settled share based payments is expensed on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, based on the Company’s estimate of equity instruments that will eventually vest, with a corresponding increase in equity. At the end of each reporting period, the Company revises its estimate of the number of equity instruments expected to vest. The impact of the revision of the original estimates, if any, is recognized in the statement of profit and loss such that the cumulative expense reflects the revised estimate, with a corresponding adjustment to the equity-settled employee benefits reserve.

2.14 Earnings per share

The Company presents basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) data for its equity shares. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the profit attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is determined by adjusting the profit or loss attributable to equity shareholders and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.15 Taxation

Income tax expense comprises current tax expense and the net change in the deferred tax asset or liability during the year. Current and deferred taxes are recognized in statement of profit and loss, except when they relate to items that are recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

2.15.1 Current Tax

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

2.15.2 Deferred Tax

Deferred tax is recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are generally recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will

be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilized. Such deferred tax assets and liabilities are not recognized if the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition (other than in a business combination) of assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset realized, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

2.15.3 Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) credit is recognized in accordance with tax laws in India as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. The Company reviews the MAT credit at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

2.15.4 Current tax and deferred tax for the year

Current and deferred tax are recognized in the statement profit and loss, except when they relate to items that are recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity respectively.

2.16 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash comprises cash on hand and in bank. The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents. Such cash equivalents are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transaction of non - cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.17 Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated in the Balance Sheet at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost includes purchase price, attributable expenditure incurred in bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use and cost of borrowing till the date of capitalization in the case of assets involving material investment and substantial lead time.

Properties in the course of construction for production, supply or administrative purposes are carried at cost, less any recognized impairment loss. Depreciation of these assets, on the same basis as other property assets, commences when the assets are ready for their intended use.

Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of following categories of assets in whose case the life of certain assets has been assessed based on technical advice taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating condition of the asset, past history of replacement, maintenance support etc.

During the current financial year, the Company reassessed the useful life of the plant & equipment block of assets located at factories from 15 to 20 years on the basis of technical assessment. The estimated useful lives, residual values and depreciation method are reviewed at the end of each reporting period, with the effect of any changes in estimate accounted for on a prospective basis. Assets costing Rs, 5,000 and below are depreciated over a period of one year. Land is not depreciated.

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

2.18 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any. Cost of an intangible asset comprises of purchase price and attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use.

Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, from the date that they are available for use.

The estimated useful life of an identifiable intangible asset is as under:

- Goodwill is amortized over a period of 10 years

- Computer software is amortized over a period of 2 years

- Developed products are amortized over a period of 3 years

The estimated useful life and amortization method are reviewed periodically at the end of each reporting period.

Intangible assets under development are carried at cost, comprising direct cost and related incidental expenses.

An intangible asset is derecognized on disposal, or when no future economic benefits are expected from use or disposal. Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset, measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

2.19 Research and development

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use the asset and the costs can be measured reliably. The amount capitalized comprises expenditure that can be directly attributed or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis for preparing the asset for its intended use.

2.20 Impairment of assets

2.20.1 Non financial assets - property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset/cash generating unit may be impaired. If any indication exists the Company estimates the recoverable amount of such assets and if carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount, impairment is recognized. The recoverable amount is the higher of the fair value less cost to sell and its value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that previously recognized impairment loss no longer exists or may have decreased such reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

2.20.2 Financial assets

The Company recognizes loss allowances using the expected credit loss (ECL) model for the financial assets which are not fair valued through profit or loss. Loss allowance for trade receivables with no significant financing component is measured at an amount equal to lifetime ECL. For all other financial assets, expected credit losses are measured at an amount equal to the 12-month ECL, unless there has been a significant increase in credit risk from initial recognition in which case those are measured at lifetime ECL. The amount of expected credit losses (or reversal) that is required to adjust the loss allowance at the reporting date to the amount that is required to be recognized as an impairment gain or loss in the statement of profit and loss.

For trade receivables only, the Company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables. As a practical expedient, the Company uses a provision matrix to determine impairment loss of it’s trade receivables. The provision matrix is based on its historically observed default rates over the expected life of the trade receivable and is adjusted for forward looking estimates. The ECL loss allowance (or reversal) during the year is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

2.21 inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost (on weighted average basis) and net realizable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Net realizable value represents the estimated selling price of inventories less all the estimated costs of completion and the costs necessary to make the sale.

The method of determination of cost of various categories of inventories is as follows:

i. Raw Materials - Weighted average cost. Cost includes the purchase cost and other attributable expenses;

ii. Work-in-process - Weighted average cost. Cost includes the purchase cost and other attributable expenses;

iii. Finished Goods - Weighted average cost of production which comprises of direct material costs, direct wages and applicable overheads. Excise duty is included in the value of finished goods;

iv. Stores and Spares, Packing Material - Weighted average cost;

v. Stock-in-trade - Weighted average cost.

2.22 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

Provisions are recognized only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reasonable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation. When a provision is measured using the cash flows estimated to settle the present obligation, its carrying amount is the present value of those cash flows (when the effect of the time value of money is material).

Contingent liabilities are disclosed for (i) possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (ii) present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

2.23 Financial instruments

(i) initial recognition

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when a Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments. Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

(ii) Subsequent Recognition Non-derivative financial instruments:

a. Financial assets carried at amortized cost

A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

b. Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

A financial asset is subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. The Company has made an irrevocable election for its investments which are classified as equity instruments to present the subsequent changes in fair value in other comprehensive income based on its business model.

c. Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

Financial assets are measured at fair value through profit or loss unless it is measured at amortized cost or at fair value through other comprehensive income.

d. Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method, except for contingent consideration recognized in a business combination which is subsequently measured at fair value through statement of profit and loss. For trade and other payables maturing within one year from the Balance Sheet date, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

Effective interest method

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a debt instrument and of allocating interest income over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the debt instrument, or, where appropriate, a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

Income is recognized on an effective interest basis for debt instruments other than those financial assets classified as at Fair Value Through Profit or Loss (FVTPL). Interest income is recognized in statement of profit and loss and is included in the “other income” line item.

Investment in subsidiaries and associates

On initial recognition, these investments are recognized at fair value plus any directly attributable transaction cost. Subsequently, they are measured at cost.

Derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities

Financial asset:

The Company de-recognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or when it transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another party. If the Company retains substantially all the rewards of ownership of a transferred financial asset, the Company continues to recognize the financial asset and also recognizes a collateralized borrowing for the proceeds received.

On de-recognition of a financial asset in its entirety, the difference between the asset’s carrying amount and the sum of the consideration received and receivable and the cumulative gain or loss that had been recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity is recognized in statement of profit and loss if such gain or loss would have otherwise been recognized in statement of profit and loss on disposal of that financial asset.

Financial liabilities

The Company derecognizes financial liabilities when, and only when, the Company’s obligations are discharged, cancelled or have expired. The difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability derecognized and the consideration paid and payable is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Foreign exchange gains and losses

For foreign currency denominated financial assets measured at amortized cost and FVTPL, the exchange differences are recognized in statement of profit and loss.

Changes in the carrying amount of investments in equity instruments at FVTOCI relating to changes in foreign currency rates are recognized in other comprehensive income. For the purposes of recognizing foreign exchange gains and losses, FVTOCI debt instruments are treated as financial assets measured at amortized cost. Thus, the exchange differences on the amortized cost are recognized in statement of profit and loss and other changes in the fair value of FVTOCI financial assets are recognized in other comprehensive income.

For financial liabilities that are denominated in a foreign currency and are measured at amortized cost at the end of each reporting period, the foreign exchange gains and losses are determined based on the amortized cost of the instruments and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

The fair value of financial liabilities denominated in a foreign currency is determined in that foreign currency and translated at the spot rate at the end of the reporting period. For financial liabilities that are measured as at FVTPL, the foreign exchange component forms part of the fair value gains or losses and is recognized in statement of profit and loss.

2.24 Fair value measurement

In determining the fair value of its financial instruments, the Company uses a variety of methods and assumptions that are based on market conditions and risks existing at each reporting date. The methods used to determine fair value include discounted cash flow analysis, available quoted market prices and dealer quotes. All methods of assessing fair value result in general approximation of value, and such value may never actually be realized.

2.25 Exceptional Items

Significant gains/losses or expenses incurred arising from external events that is not expected to recur are disclosed as ‘Exceptional item’.

2.26 Recent accounting pronouncements:

Standards issued but not yet effective: -

In March 2018, The Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2018 notifying Ind AS 115 Revenue From Contracts with Customers and amendments to Ind AS 21 The Effects of changes in Foreign Exchange Rates, applicable for annual periods beginning on or after April 01, 2018.

Ind AS 115 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers:

Ind AS 115 establishes a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. Ind AS 115 will supersede the current revenue recognition standard IND AS 18 - Revenue, Ind AS 11 - Construction Contracts when it becomes effective.

The core principle of Ind AS 115 is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services, based on the five step approach as defined in this standard.

Under this standard, an entity recognizes revenue when (or as) a performance obligation is satisfied, i.e. when ‘control’ of the goods or services underlying the particular performance obligation is transferred to the customer.

The Company is evaluating the impact of this amendment on its financial statements. ind AS 21 - The Effect of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates:

The amendment clarifies on the accounting of transactions that include the receipt or payment of advance consideration in a foreign currency. The appendix explains that the date of the transaction, for the purpose of determining the exchange rate, is the date of initial recognition of the non-monetary prepayment asset

or deferred income liability. If there are multiple payments or receipts in advance, a date of transaction is established for each payment or receipt.

The Company is evaluating the impact of this amendment on its financial statements.

3. Critical accounting judgments and key sources of estimation uncertainty

In the application of the Company’s accounting policies the directors of the Company are required to make judgments, estimates and assumptions about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and other factors that are considered to be relevant. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.

3.1 Critical Judgments

The following are the critical judgments, apart from those involving estimations, that the directors have made in the process of applying the Company’s accounting policies and that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the financial statements:

Contingences and commitments

In the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigations and other claims against the Company. Where the potential liabilities have a low probability of crystallizing or are very difficult to quantify reliably, we treat them as contingent liabilities. Such liabilities are disclosed in the notes but are not provided for in the financial statements. Although there can be no assurance regarding the final outcome of the legal proceedings, we do not expect them to have a materially adverse impact on our financial position or profitability.

3.2 Key sources of estimation uncertainty

The key assumptions concerning the future, and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the end of the reporting period, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are discussed below:

Estimation of net realizable value of inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. In estimating the net realizable value of inventories the Company makes an estimate of future selling prices and costs necessary to make the sale.

Provision for employee benefits

The Company uses actuarial assumptions to determine the obligations for employee benefits at each reporting period. These assumptions include discount rate, expected long-term rate of return on plan assets, rate of increase in compensation levels and mortality rates.

Notes:

(i) Raw materials includes goods in transit ' 1,230 lakhs (2017: ' 526 lakhs and 2016: ' 513 lakhs).

(ii) Raw materials amounting to ' 85 lakhs (2017: ' Nil and 2016: ' Nil) are written off during the year. Finished goods written off during the year on account of expired stock amounts to ' 105 lakhs (2017: ' 253 lakhs and 2016: ' 135 lakhs).

(iii) The mode of valuation of inventories has been stated in note 2.21.

(iv) Inventory is hypothecated to working capital lenders.

Expected credit loss (ECL):

(i) The Company’s exposure to credit risk is influenced mainly by the individual characteristics of each customer. Credit risk is managed through credit approvals, establishing credit limits and continuously monitoring the credit worthiness of customers to whom the Company grants credit terms in the normal course of business. The credit period on sale of goods varies with seasons & markets and generally ranges between 30 to 180 days. Before accepting any new customer, the Company assesses the potential customer's credit quality and defines credit limits by customer. Limits attributed to customers are reviewed annually.

As a practical expedient, the Company uses a provision matrix to determine impairment loss of its trade receivables. The provision matrix is based on its historically observed default rates over the expected life of the trade receivable and is adjusted for forward looking estimates. The ECL allowance (or reversal) during the year is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

(i) Unclaimed dividend accounts

If the dividend has not been claimed within 30 days from the date of declaration, the Company is required to transfer the total amount of dividend which remains unpaid or unclaimed, to a special account to be opened by the Company in a scheduled bank to be called “’’Unpaid Dividend Account””. The unclaimed dividend lying in such account is required to be transferred to the Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF), administered by the Central Government after a period of seven years from the date of declaration.

(ii) Margin money / deposit

Amounts in margin money represents deposit with bank against the letter of credit issued by them and deposit accounts represent amounts deposited with certain government agencies.

15.3 Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares:

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of ' 1 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders..

15.5 “Nagarjuna Agrichem Ltd.-Employee Stock Option Scheme-2015”

i) The “Nagarjuna Agrichem Ltd.-Employee Stock Option Scheme-2015” (hereinafter referred to as “ESOS-2015”) was approved by the Shareholders in the 28th Annual General Meeting of the Company held on September 28, 2015 and is being administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors, set up for the purpose.

ii) Under the ESOS-2015, 11,50,000 options have been reserved to be issued to the eligible employees, with each option conferring a right upon such employee to apply for one equity share of ' 1 each of the Company. The options granted under the scheme would vest after a minimum period of one year from the date of grant and may spread over a maximum period of five years after the aforesaid one year. The options granted to the employees would be capable of being exercised within a period, of two years from the date of vesting.

iii) Pursuant to ESOS-2015, the Company granted 60,000 options during the year 2017-18 (2017: Rs, Nil) with a vesting period spread over maximum period of five years commencing after one year from the date of grant. The options were granted at an exercise price of Rs, 8 per share lesser than the fair market value of the shares as on the date of the grant. Accordingly an amount of Rs, 15 lakhs (financial year 2016-17: Rs, 21 lakhs) has been recognized as ‘Employee stock compensation expense’ under ‘Employee benefits expense’.

v) Fair value of shares granted during the year:

The weighted average fair value of the share options granted during the year is ' 9.81 - ' 23.89. Options were priced using Black Scholes pricing model. Where relevant, the expected life used in the model has been adjusted based on management’s best estimate for the effects of non-transferability, exercise restrictions, and behavioral considerations. Expected volatility is based on the historical share price volatility over the past years.

The following assumptions were used for calculation of fair value of grants as per Black Scholes Options Pricing model:

Assumptions :

Stock price : Closing price on BSE on the previous date to the date of grant has been considered.

Volatility : The historical volatility over the expected life has been considered to calculate the fair value.

Risk-free rate of return
: The risk-free interest rate being considered for the calculation is the interest rate applicable for a maturity nearly equal to the expected life of the options based on the zero-coupon yield curve Government securities.

Exercise price : Exercise price of ' 8 as per the ES0S-2015 considered.

Expected life : Expected life of options is the period for which the Company expects the option to be live.

Expected dividend yield : Expected dividend yield has been calculated as an average of dividend yields for the financial years preceding the date of grant.

Nature of reserves (a) General reserve

This represents appropriation of profit by the Company.

(b) Securities premium account

“Amounts received on issue of shares in excess of the par value has been classified as securities premium.

(c) Reserve for equity instruments through other comprehensive income

This reserve represents the cumulative gains and losses arising on the revaluation of equity instruments measured at fair value through other comprehensive income, net of amounts reclassified to retained earnings when those assets have been disposed off.

(d) Retained earnings

Retained earnings comprise of undistributed earnings after taxes (including current year profits).

In respect of the year ended March 31, 2018, the directors recommended a final dividend of ' 0.125 per equity share be paid on fully paid equity shares. The equity dividend is subject to approval by the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting and has not been included as a liability in these financial statements.

Secured by: first ranking pari-passu charge on fixed assets of the Company, second raking pari-passu charge on current assets of the company and is guaranteed by Smt. K. Lakshmi Raju, Director of the Company.

Repayable in 18 quarterly installments.

Rate of interest 12.50% p.a.

Current maturities of non-current borrowings have been disclosed under the head other current financial liabilities.

(b) Deferred payment liabilities

Vide revised order No.10/1/9/0023/0387/ID dated January 31, 2001 the Government of Andhra Pradesh had sanctioned sales tax deferment to the Company in respect of Acephate and Profenofos for a period of fourteen years commencing from September 9, 1997 for Acephate and from February 23, 2000 for Profenofos subject to a maximum of ' 1,029 lakhs. The sales tax deferred in a year is payable at the end of 14th year without interest. Since financial year 2006-07 the Company has decided not to avail the sales tax deferment. First repayment commenced from September 25, 2013 as prescribed in the order. Based on the sales tax returns the sales tax so deferred aggregates to ' 47 lakhs as at March 31, 2018 (2017 ' 75 lakhs and 2016 ' 138 lakhs). Of which ' 4 lakhs as at March 31, 2018 (2017 '29 lakhs and 2016 ' 62 lakhs) has been grouped under note 18 - other current financial liabilities, which are payable in next 12 months.

(c) Loans repayable on demand

Loans repayable on demand from banks (along with non-fund based limits of letters of credit and bank guarantees) from the Consortium i.e. State Bank of India, IDBI Bank Limited, HDFC Bank Limited, SVC Co-operative Bank Limited and RBL Bank Limited are secured by way of hypothecation of current assets comprising stock in trade, book debts and stores and spares, both present and future. The aforesaid facilities are further secured by second charge on the Company’s immovable and hypothecation of movable properties, both present and future, ranking pari passu with other working capital lenders. The facilities sanctioned by State Bank of India, IDBI Bank Limited, HDFC Bank Limited are guaranteed by Sri K.S. Raju (ceased to be a director with effect from February 3, 2017). The facilities sanctioned by SVC Co-operative Bank Limited and RBL Bank Limited are guaranteed by Smt. K. Lakshmi Raju, Director of the Company.

(d) unsecured short term loan

Unsecured short term loan is availed from HDFC Bank Limited and unsecured others comprise of export bill discounting facilities availed from HDFC Bank Limited.

a) Defined benefit plans Gratuity

In accordance with the ‘Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972’ of India, the Company, provides for gratuity, a defined retirement benefit plan (the ‘Gratuity Plan’) covering eligible employees. Liabilities with regard to such gratuity plan are determined by an independent actuarial valuation and are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period determined. The Gratuity fund is administered through a scheme of Life Insurance Corporation of India.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation, and the related current service cost and past service cost, were measured using the projected unit credit method.

Notes:

(i) (i) Contribution to provident fund and other funds

- Provident fund:

The Company makes provident fund contributions which are defined contribution plans for qualifying employees. Under the scheme, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of the payroll costs to fund the benefits. These contributions are made to the fund administered and managed by the Government of India. The Company’s monthly contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period they are incurred. Total expense recognized during the year aggregated ' 342 lakhs (2016-17 - ' 293 lakhs).

- Gratuity (funded):

Amount recognized in statement of profit and loss in respect of gratuity - Rs, 102 lakhs (2016-17 Rs, 60 lakhs).

Includes Rs, 1 lakh with respect to services provided by predecessor auditors during the year.

(ii) Corporate social responsibility:

The Company contributes towards Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities. As per section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013, a CSR Committee has been formed by the Company. The areas for CSR activities are rural development, promoting education and other social projects. The expense is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss under ‘other expenses’ amounting Rs, 79 lakhs. (2016-17- Rs, Nil)