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KOTAK MAHINDRA BANK LTD.

20 June 2024 | 12:00

Industry >> Finance - Banks - Private Sector

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ISIN No INE237A01028 BSE Code / NSE Code 500247 / KOTAKBANK Book Value (Rs.) 562.46 Face Value 5.00
Bookclosure 04/08/2023 52Week High 1988 EPS 91.62 P/E 19.28
Market Cap. 351121.90 Cr. 52Week Low 1544 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 3.14 / 0.11 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

AUDITOR'S REPORT

You can view full text of the latest Director's Report for the company.
Year End :2023-03 

REPORT ON THE AUDIT OF THE STANDALONE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Opinion

1. We have audited the accompanying standalone financial statements of Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited ('the Bank'), which comprise the Standalone Balance Sheet as at 31 March 2023, the Standalone Profit and Loss Account, and the Standalone Cash Flow Statement for the year then ended, and notes to the standalone financial statements including a summary of the significant accounting policies and other explanatory information ('the Standalone Financial Statements').

2. In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid Standalone Financial Statements give the information required by the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 as well as the Companies Act, 2013 ('the Act') and circulars and guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India ('the RBI'), in the manner so required for banking companies and give a true and fair view, in conformity with the Accounting Standards prescribed under section 133 of the Act, read with the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021 and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Bank as at 31 March 2023 and its profit and its cash flows for the year ended on that date.

Basis for Opinion

3. We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing ('SAs') specified under section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the 'Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements' section of our report. We are independent of the Bank in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ('ICAI') together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Key Audit Matters

4. Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements of the current year. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

5. We have determined the matters described below to be the key audit matters to be communicated in our report.

Identification of Non-performing Assets ("NPAs") and provisioning on advances:

Total Loans and Advances (Net of Provision) as at March 31, 2023: ' 3,19,861 Crores Provision for NPAs as at March 31, 2023: ' 4,575 Crores Provision Coverage Ratio (including technical write offs) as at March 31, 2023: 83.77%

Refer Schedule 9, Schedule 17(C)(2), Schedule 18(A) note 9 and note 11

Key audit matter

How our audit addressed the key audit matter

The Bank is required to comply with the Master Circular issued by the Reserve Bank of India ('RBI') on 'Prudential Norms for Income Recognition, Asset Classification and Provisioning pertaining to Advances' (the' IRAC norms') and amendments thereto which prescribes the guidelines for identification and classification of Non-performing Assets ('NPAs') and the minimum provision required for such assets. The Bank is also required to apply its judgement to determine the identification and provision required against NPAs considering various quantitative as well as qualitative factors.

The identification of NPAs is also affected by factors like stress and liquidity concerns in certain sectors.

The provision for identified NPAs is estimated based on ageing and classification of NPAs, value of security, recovery estimates etc. and is also subject to the minimum provisioning norms specified by RBI.

Since the identification of NPAs and provisioning for advances requires considerable level of management estimation, application of various regulatory requirements and its significance to the overall audit, we have identified this as a key audit matter.

Our audit procedures included the following:

• Understood the process and controls, and tested the design and operating effectiveness of key controls, including Information Technology based controls, and focused on the following:

Ý Approval of new lending facilities in accordance with the Bank's credit policies.

Ý Performance of annual review/renewal of loan accounts.

Ý Monitoring of credit quality which amongst other things includes the monitoring of overdue loan accounts, drawing power limit, pending security creation;

Ý Identification and classification of NPAs in accordance with IRAC norms, other regulatory guidelines issued by the RBI and consideration of qualitative aspects; and

Ý Assessment of adequacy of NPA provisions.

• Tested the Bank's process for identification of loans with default events and/ or breach of other qualitative factors, and for a sample of performing loans, independently assessed as to whether there was a need to classify such loans as NPAs.

• On a test check basis, verified the accounts classified by the Bank as Special Mention Accounts ('SMA') in RBI's Central Repository of Information on Large Credits ('CRILC').

• Inquired with the management of the Bank on sectors where there has been stress and the steps taken by the Bank to mitigate such sectorial risks.

Key audit matter

How our audit addressed the key audit matter

• With respect to provisions recognised towards NPAs, we reperformed the provision calculations on a sample basis taking into consideration the value of security, where applicable, the IRAC norms and NPA policy of the Bank, and compared our outcome to that prepared by the management and tested relevant assumptions and judgements which were used by the management.

Information Technology ("IT") Systems and Controls impacting Financial Reporting

Key audit matter

How our audit addressed the key audit matter

The IT environment of the Bank is complex and involves a large number of independent and interdependent IT systems used in the operations of the Bank for processing and recording a large volume of transactions. As a result, there is a high degree of reliance and dependency on such IT systems for the financial reporting process of the Bank.

Appropriate IT general controls and IT application controls are required to ensure that such IT systems are able to process the data as required, completely, accurately, and consistently for reliable financial reporting.

We have identified certain key IT systems ('in-scope' IT systems) which have an impact on the financial reporting process and the related control testing as a key audit matter because of the high level of automation, significant number of systems being used by the Bank for processing financial transactions, the complexity of the IT architecture.

During the year, the Bank has migrated to a new general ledger accounting system from the legacy application.

Our audit procedures with respect to this matter included the following:

In assessing the controls over the IT systems of the Bank, we involved our technology specialists to obtain an understanding of the IT environment, IT infrastructure and IT systems.

We evaluated and tested relevant IT general controls and IT application controls of the 'in-scope' IT systems identified as relevant for our audit of the standalone financial statements and financial reporting process of the Bank.

On such 'in-scope' IT systems, we have tested key IT general controls with respect to the following domains:

• Program change management, which includes that program changes are moved to production environment as per defined procedures and relevant segregation of environment is ensured.

• User access management, which includes user access provisioning, de-provisioning, access review, password management, sensitive access rights and segregation of duties to ensure that privilege access to applications, operating system and databases in the production environment were granted only to authorized personnel.

• Program development, which comprises IT governance, system development life cycle and data migration for relevant in-scope applications, operating systems, and databases, which are relied upon for financial reporting.

• Other areas that were assessed under the IT control environment included backup management, business continuity, disaster recovery, incident management, batch processing and monitoring.

We also evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of key IT application controls within key business processes, which included testing automated calculations, automated accounting procedures, system interfaces, system reconciliation controls and key system generated reports, as applicable.

Where control deficiencies were identified, we tested compensating controls or performed alternative audit procedures, where necessary.

Information other than the Financial Statements and Auditor's Report thereon

6. The Bank's Board of Directors are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the Annual Report but does not include the standalone financial statements and our auditor's report thereon. The Annual Report is expected to be made available to us after the date of this auditor's report.

Our opinion on the Standalone Financial Statements does not cover the other information and we will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above when it becomes available and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the Standalone Financial Statements or knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

When we read the Annual Report, if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance and take appropriate action as applicable under the relevant laws and regulations.

Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with Governance for the Standalone Financial Statements

7. The accompanying Standalone Financial Statements have been approved by the Bank's Board of Directors. The Bank's Board of Directors are responsible for the matters stated in section 134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation and presentation of these Standalone Financial Statements that give a true and fair view of the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of the Bank in accordance with the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Act, read with the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021, and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, and provisions of section 29 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and circulars and guidelines issued by the RBI from time to time ('RBI Guidelines'). This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act and the RBI guidelines for safeguarding of the assets of the Bank and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and

maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the Standalone Financial Statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

8. In preparing the Standalone Financial Statements, the Board of Directors are responsible for assessing the Bank's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the Board of Directors either intend to liquidate the Bank or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

9. The Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Bank's financial reporting process.

Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements

10. Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the Standalone Financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these Standalone Financial Statements.

11. As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the Standalone Financial Statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control;

• Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)(i) of the Act, we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the Bank has adequate internal financial controls with reference to Standalone Financial Statements in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls;

• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the management;

• Conclude on the appropriateness of the management's use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Bank's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the Standalone Financial Statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Bank to cease to continue as a going concern.

• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the Standalone Financial Statements, including the disclosures, and whether the Standalone Financial Statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

12. We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

13. We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

14. From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the Standalone Financial Statements of the current year and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Other Matter

15. The Standalone Financial Statements of the Bank for the year ended 31 March 2022, were jointly audited by M/s Walker Chandiok & Co LLP and Price Waterhouse LLP under the Act and the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, who, vide their report dated 04 May 2022, expressed an unmodified opinion on those Standalone Financial Statements. Accordingly, KKC & Associates LLP (Formerly Khimji Kunverji & Co LLP) does not express any opinion on the Standalone Financial Statements for the year ended 31 March 2022.

Our opinion is not modified in respect of above matter.

Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements

16. In our opinion, The Balance Sheet and the Profit and Loss Account have been drawn up in accordance with the provisions of section 29 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and section 133 of the Act and the relevant rules issued thereunder.

17. As required by sub-section (3) of section 30 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, we report that:

a) We have obtained all the information and explanations which, to the best of our knowledge and belief, were necessary for the purpose of our audit and have found them to be satisfactory;

b) The transactions of the Bank, which have come to our notice, have been within the powers of the Bank;

c) Since the key operations of the Bank are automated with the key applications integrated to the core banking system, the audit is carried out centrally as all the necessary records and data required for the purposes of our audit are available therein. We have visited 118 branches to examine the records maintained at the branches for the purpose of our audit.

18. In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the provisions of Section 197 of the Act are not applicable to the Bank by virtue of Section 35B(2A) of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949. Accordingly, the reporting under Section 197(16) of the Act regarding payment/ provision for managerial remuneration in accordance with the requisite approvals mandated by the provisions of Section 197 read with Schedule V to the Act, is not applicable.

19. As required by section 143 (3) of the Act, we report that:

a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purpose of our audit;

b) In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Bank so far as it appears from our examination of those books;

c) The Balance Sheet, the Profit and Loss Account and the Cash Flow Statement dealt with by this report are in agreement with the books of account;

d) In our opinion, the aforesaid Standalone Financial Statements comply with the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Act read with relevant Rules issued thereunder, to the extent they are not inconsistent with the accounting policies prescribed by the RBI;

e) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on 31 March 2023 and taken on record by the Board of Directors, none of the directors is disqualified as on 31 March 2023 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164(2) of the Act;

f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference to Standalone Financial Statements of the Bank and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in Annexure A wherein we have expressed an unmodified opinion; and

g) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor's Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014 (as amended), in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:

i. The Bank has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financial position in its Standalone Financial Statements - Refer Schedule 12 (I), Schedule 17C - Note 13 and Schedule 18B Note 15(1) to the Standalone Financial Statements;

ii. The Bank has made provision, as required under the applicable law or accounting standards, for material foreseeable losses, if any, on

long-term contracts including derivative contracts - Refer Schedule 12 (II), 12 (Va) and 12 (Vb), Schedule 17C - Note 10, Note 11 and

Note 13 and Schedule 18B - Note 10 and Note 15 to the Standalone Financial Statements;

iii. There has been no delay in transferring amounts, required to be transferred, to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Bank, during the year ended 31 March 2023;

iv. a. The management has represented that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, as disclosed in Schedule 18B - Note 17 to the

Standalone Financial Statements, no funds have been advanced or loaned or invested (either from borrowed funds or share

premium or any other sources or kind of funds) by the Bank to or in any other person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities ('Intermediaries'), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Intermediary shall, whether, directly or indirectly lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Bank ('Ultimate Beneficiaries') or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf the Ultimate Beneficiaries;

b. The management has represented that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, as disclosed in Schedule 18B - Note 17 to the Standalone Financial Statements, no funds have been received by the Bank from any person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities ("Funding Parties"), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Bank shall, whether directly or indirectly, lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Funding Party ("Ultimate Beneficiaries") or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries; and

c. Based on such audit procedures performed, as considered reasonable and appropriate in the circumstances, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the management representations under sub-clauses (a) and (b) above contain any material misstatement.

v. The dividend declared and paid during the year ended 31 March 2023 by the Bank is in compliance with Section 123 of the Act.

vi. As the proviso to Rule 3(1) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (as amended), which provides for the accounting software used by the Bank for maintaining its books of account to have the feature for recording of audit trail (edit log) facility and related matters, is applicable for the Bank only with effect from financial year beginning 1 April 2023, the reporting under clause (g) of Rule 11 is currently not applicable.

For Price Waterhouse LLP For KKC & Associates LLP

Chartered Accountants Chartered Accountants

Firm Registration Number: 301112E/ E300264 (formerly Khimji Kunverji & Co LLP)

Firm Registration Number: 105146W/W100621

Russell I Parera Gautam Shah

Partner Partner

Membership Number: 042190 Membership Number: 117348

UDIN: 23042190BGTALU9660 UDIN: 23117348BGSZIF8464

Place: MumbaiPlace: Mumbai Date: 29th April, 2023 Date: 29th April, 2023