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PUNJAB NATIONAL BANK

30 November 2021 | 10:19

Industry >> Finance - Banks - Public Sector

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ISIN No INE160A01022 52Week High 48 Book Value (Rs.) 79.13 Face Value 2.00
Bookclosure 26/07/2021 52Week Low 31 EPS 2.33 P/E 16.46
Market Cap. 42172.19 Cr. P/BV 0.48 Div Yield (%) 0.00 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

AUDITOR'S REPORT

You can view full text of the latest Director's Report for the company.
Year End :2021-03 

To the Members of Punjab National Bank

Report on Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements

Opinion

1. We have audited the accompanying Standalone Financial Statements of the Punjab National Bank (“the Bank) which comprise the Balance Sheet as at 31 March, 2021, and the Profit and Loss account and the Cash Flow Statement for the year then ended and notes to Standalone Financial Statements including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information, in which are included returns for year ended on that date of 20 branches, treasury division and 45 other offices audited by us and 5881 branches and other offices audited by statutory branch auditors and 2 foreign branches audited by local auditors. The branches audited by us and those audited by other auditors have been selected by the Bank in accordance with the guidelines issued to the Bank by the Reserve Bank of India. Also included in the Balance Sheet, the Profit and Loss account and the Cash Flow Statement are the returns from 6103 branches and other offices of the bank which have not been subjected to audit. These unaudited branches account for 8.90 percent of advances, 29.31 percent of deposits, 6.65 percent of interest income and 28.55 percent of interest expenses.

2. In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid Standalone Financial Statements give the information required by the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (the ‘Act') in the manner so required for Bank and are in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India and:

a. the Balance Sheet, read with the notes thereon is a full and fair Balance Sheet containing all the necessary particulars, is properly drawn up so as to exhibit a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Bank as at 31 March, 2021;

b. the Profit and Loss Account, read with the notes thereon shows a true balance of profit and

c. the Cash Flow Statement gives a true and fair view of the cash flows for the year ended on that date.

Basis for Opinion

3. We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). Our responsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements' section of our report. We are independent of the Bank in accordance with the code of ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements in India, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the code of ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Key Audit Matters

4. Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters. We have determined the matters described below to be the key audit matters to be communicated in our report.

Key Audit Matters

How our matter was addressed in the audit

Advances - classification and

Our audit approach included an understanding of the Bank's software, circulars, guidelines and directives of the Reserve Bank of India and the Bank's internal instructions and procedures in respect of the assets classification and its provisioning and adopted the following audit procedures:

• Evaluated and understood the Bank's internal control system in adhering to the Relevant RBI guidelines regarding income recognition, asset classification and provisioning pertaining to advances.

• Test checked the design and implementation as well as operational effectiveness of relevant controls, including involvement of manual process in relation to income recognition, asset classification and provisioning pertaining to advances

• Reviewed the documentations, operations / performance and monitoring of the advance accounts, on test check basis of the large and stressed advances, to ascertain any overdue, unsatisfactory conduct or weakness in any advance account, examination of classification as per prudential norms of the RBI, in respect of the branches / relevant divisions audited by us. In respect of the branches audited by the branch statutory auditors, we have placed reliance on their reports.

Further we have reviewed on test check basis the reports of the credit audit, inspection audit, risk

provisioning

(Refer Schedule 9 to the Standalone Financial Statements, read with the Accounting Policy No.5)

The advances are classified as performing and nonperforming advances (NPA) and provisioning thereon is made in accordance with the prudential norms as prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The asset classification, income recognition and provisioning is done by Core Banking Solution(CBS). The extent of provisioning of NPA under the prudential norms are mainly based on its ageing and recoverability of the underlined security.

In the event of any improper application of the prudential norms or consideration of the incorrect value of the security, as the valuation of the security involves high degree of estimation and judgement, the carrying value of the advances could be materially misstated either individually or collectively, and in view of the significance of the amount of advances in the Standalone Financial Statements the classification of the advances and provisioning thereon has been considered as Key Audit Matter in our audit.

Investments - valuation, and

identification and Drovisionina

for Non-Performing

Investments

(Refer Schedule 8 to the Standalone Financial Statements, read with the Accounting Policy No.4)

Investment portfolio of the bank comprises of Investments in Government Securities, Bonds, Debentures, Shares, Security Receipts and other Approved Securities which are classified under three categories, Held to Maturity, Available for Sale and Held for Trade.

Valuation of Investments, identification of Nonperforming Investments (NPI) and the corresponding non-recognition of income and provision thereon, is carried out in accordance with the relevant circulars / guidelines / directions of RBI. The valuation of each category (type) of aforesaid security is to be carried out as per the methodology prescribed in circulars and directives issued by the RBI which involves collection of data/ information from various sources such as FBIL rates, rates quoted on BSE/ NSE, financial statements of unlisted companies, NAV in case of mutual funds & security receipts etc. Certain investments are based on the valuation methodologies that include statistical models with inherent assumptions, assessment of price for valuation based on financial statements etc. Hence, the price discovered for the valuation of these Investments may not be the true representative but only a fair assessment of the Investments as on date. Hence the valuation of Investments requires special attention and further in view of the significance of the amount of Investments in the financial statements the same has been considered as Key Audit Matter in our audit.

based internal audit, concurrent audit, regulatory audit to ascertain the advances having any adverse features / comments, and reviewed the reports generated from the Bank's system.

Our Results:

The results of our audit process were observed to be adequate and satisfactory considering the materiality of the transactions.

Our audit approach towards Investments with reference to the RBI circulars / directives included the review and testing of the design, implementation, operating effectiveness of internal controls and audit procedures in relation to valuation, classification, identification of Non-Performing Investments, provisioning / depreciation related to Investments as per RBI guidelines.

ÝWe reviewed and evaluated the process adopted for collection of information from various sources for determining fair value of these investments.

ÝFor selected sample of investments (covering all categories of investments based on nature of security) we tested accuracy and compliance with the RBI Master circulars and directions.

ÝWe assessed and evaluated the process of identification of NPIs, and corresponding reversal of income and creation of provision.

Our Results:

The results of our audit process were observed to be adequate and satisfactory considering the materiality.

Our audit approach included: -

ÝUnderstanding the coding system adopted by the Bank for various categories of customers.

ÝUnderstanding the feeding of the data in the system and going through the extraction of the financial information and statements from the IT system existing in the Bank.

Ý Checking of the user requirements for any changes in the regulations/ policy of the Bank.

Assessment of Information Technology (IT):

IT controls with respect to recording of transactions, generating various reports in compliance with RBI guidelines including IRAC, preparing.

Other compliances to regulators etc. is an important part of the process. Such reporting is highly dependent on the effective working of Core Banking Software and other allied systems.

We have considered this as key audit matter as any control lapses, validation failures, incorrect input data and wrong extraction of data may result in wrong reporting of data to the management and regulators.

Ý Reviewed the reports generated by the system on sample basis.

Our Result

However, the system needs to be strengthened for its efficacy to control persisting deficiencies of input/output data from the system.

Our audit approach included: -

• Going through the current status of the tax litigations and contingent liabilities;

• Examining the orders and/or communication received from various Tax Authorities/ Judicial forums and follow up action thereon;

• Evaluating the merits of the subject matter under consideration with reference to the grounds presented therein and available independent legal / tax advice ; and

• Wherever required, reliance is placed on the opinion of legal and tax consultants.

Litigation & Contingent Liabilities

Assessment of Contingent liabilities in respect of certain litigations including Direct and Indirect Taxes and various other claims filed by other parties upon the Bank not acknowledged as debts.

The Bank’s assessment is supported by the facts of matter, their own judgment, past experience, and advices from legal and independent tax consultants wherever considered necessary. Accordingly, unexpected adverse outcomes may significantly impact the Bank’s reported profit and the Balance Sheet.

We determined the above area as a Key Audit Matter in view of associated uncertainty relating to the outcome of litigations which requires application of judgment in interpretation of law. Accordingly, our audit was focused on analysing the facts of subject matter under consideration and judgments/ interpretation of law involved.

Emphasis of Matter

5. We draw attention to following:

a. Note No. 11 of the Standalone Financial Statements regarding change in accounting policy of appropriation of recovery in NPA accounts.

b. Note No. 6 (k) to the Standalone Financial Statements, which describes the uncertainties due to outbreak of novel corona virus (COVID 19) and the management's assessment of its impact on the business operations of the Bank.

Our opinion is not modified in respect of these matters.

Information Other than the Standalone Financial Statements

and Auditor's Report thereon

6. The Bank's Board of Directors is responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the Corporate Governance Report (but does not include the financial statements and our auditor's report thereon), which we obtained prior to the date of this auditor's report or which we obtained at the time of issue of this auditors' report, and Directors' Report, including annexures, if any, thereon, which is expected to be made available to us after that date.

Our opinion on the Standalone Financial Statements does not cover the other information and Pillar 3 disclosure under Basel III and we do not and will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

If, based on the work we have performed on the other information that we obtained prior to the date of this auditor's report, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.

When we read the Directors' Report, including annexure, if any, thereon, if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance.

Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with

Governance for the Standalone Financial Statements

7. The Bank's Board of Directors is responsible with respect to the preparation of these Standalone Financial Statements that give a true and fair view of the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of the Bank in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Accounting Standards issued by ICAI, and provisions of Section 29 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and circulars and guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India (‘RBI') from time to time. This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Bank and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the Standalone Financial Statements, management is responsible for assessing the Bank's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Bank or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone

Financial Statements

8. Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the Standalone Financial Statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these Standalone Financial Statements.

As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the Standalone Financial Statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.

• To obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances.

• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.

• Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Bank's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the Standalone Financial Statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause the bank to cease to continue as a going concern.

• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the Standalone Financial Statements, including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Other Matters

9. We did not audit the financial statements / information of 5881 branches and other offices and 2 foreign branches included in the standalone financial statements of the Bank whose financial statements / financial information reflect advances of 3,77,399.05 Crore as at 31 March 2021 and total revenue of Rs. 31,358.39 Crores for the year ended on that date, as considered in the standalone financial statements. The financial statements / information of these branches have been audited by the branch auditors whose reports have been furnished to us, and in our opinion in so far as it relates to the amounts and disclosures included in respect of branches, is based solely on the report of such branch auditors.

10. As stated in Note no. 1 of the Schedule 18 of the Standalone Financial Statement for the year ended 31 March 2021 includes operations of erstwhile Oriental Bank of Commerce and erstwhile United Bank of India which are amalgamated with the Bank w.e.f. 1 April 2020 and hence the figures for year ended 31 March 2021 are not comparable with corresponding year ended 31 March 2020.

Our opinion is not modified in respect of these matter.

Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements

11. The Balance Sheet and the Profit and Loss Account have been drawn up in accordance with Section 29 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949;

12. Subject to the limitations of the audit indicated in paragraphs 7 to 9 above and as required by the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970/1980, and subject also to the limitations of disclosure required therein, we report that:

a. We have obtained all the information and explanations which, to the best of our knowledge and belief, were necessary for the purposes of our audit and have found them to be satisfactory;

b. The transactions of the Bank, which have come to our notice, have been within the powers of the Bank; and

c. The returns received from the offices and branches of the Bank have been found adequate for the purposes of our audit.

13. We further report that:

a. in our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Bank so far as it appears from our examination of those books and proper returns adequate for the purposes of our audit have been received from branches not visited by us;

b. the Balance Sheet, the Profit and Loss Account and the Statement of Cash Flows dealt with by this report are in agreement with the books of account and with the returns received from the branches not visited by us;

c. the reports on the accounts of the branch offices audited by branch auditors of the Bank under section 29 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 have been sent to us and have been properly dealt with by us in preparing this report; and

d. In our opinion, the Balance Sheet, the Profit and Loss Account and the Statement of Cash Flows comply with the applicable accounting standards, to the extent they are not inconsistent with the accounting policies prescribed by RBI.

14. As required by letter No. DOS.ARG.No.6270/08.91.001 /2019- 20 dated 17 March 2020 on “Appointment of Statutory Central Auditors (SCAs) in Public Sector Banks - Reporting obligations for SCAs from FY 201920”, read with subsequent communication dated 19 May 2020 issued by the RBI, we further report on the matters specified in paragraph 2 of the aforesaid letter as under:

a. In our opinion, the aforesaid Standalone Financial Statements comply with the applicable Accounting Standards issued by ICAI, to the extent they are not inconsistent with the accounting policies prescribed by the RBI.

b. There are no observations or comments on financial transactions or matters which have any adverse effect on the functioning of the Bank.

c. As the Bank is not registered under the Companies Act, 2013 the disqualification from being a director of the bank under sub-section (2) of section 164 of the Companies Act, 2013 do not apply to the Bank.

d. There are no qualifications, reservations or adverse remarks relating to the maintenance of accounts and other matters connected therewith.

e. Our audit report on the adequacy and operating effectiveness of the Bank’s internal financial controls over financial reporting is given in Annexure A to this report. Our report expresses an unmodified opinion on the Bank's internal financial controls over financial reporting as at 31 March 2021.

For S.N. Dhawan & For M K Aggarwal For A John Moris

Co LLP & Co. & Co.

Chartered Chartered Chartered

Accountants Accountants Accountants

FRN 000050N/ FRN 001411N FRN 007220S

N500045

CA Surinder Kr. CA Atul Aggarwal CA G Kumar

Khattar Partner Partner

Partner (M.NO. 099374) (M.NO.023082)

(M.NO.084993) UDIN: 21099374 UDIN: 21023082

UDIN : 21084993 AAAAEA2496 AAAAPG3661

AAAACN4479 Place: New Delhi Place: Chennai

Place: New Delhi

For S R Goyal & Co. For PSMG &

Chartered Associates

Accountants Chartered

FRN:001537C Accountants

FRN: 008567C

CA Ajay Atolia CA Sandeep Jain

Partner Partner

(M.NO. 077201) (M.NO. 077281)

UDIN: 21077201 UDIN: 21077281

AAAAAW5092 AAAAIN3533

Place: New Delhi Place: New Delhi