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Company Information

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DABUR INDIA LTD.

23 February 2024 | 12:00

Industry >> Personal Care

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ISIN No INE016A01026 BSE Code / NSE Code 500096 / DABUR Book Value (Rs.) 50.64 Face Value 1.00
Bookclosure 10/11/2023 52Week High 597 EPS 9.63 P/E 55.56
Market Cap. 94857.26 Cr. 52Week Low 504 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 10.57 / 0.97 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

NOTES TO ACCOUNTS

You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
Year End :2023-03 

b) As at 31 March 2023, the fair value of investment properties are ' 102.50 crores (31 March 2022: ' 127.52 crores). These valuations are based on the valuations performed by a registered valuer as defined under rule 2 of Companies (Registered Valuers and Valuation Rules, 2017. Fair value is based on market value approach. There has been no restriction on disposal of property or remittance of income and proceeds of disposal (refer note 63).

c) Leasing arrangements : Certain investment properties are leased to tenants under long-term operating leases with rentals payable monthly. Refer note 50 for details on future minimum lease rentals.

b) Rights, preference and restrictions attached to equity shares:

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of ' 1.00 per share. Each shareholder is entitled for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting except in the case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the equity shareholders are entitled to receive the remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion of their shareholding.

d) Aggregate number of shares issued for consideration other than cash and shares bought back during the period of five years immediately preceding the year end:i) Shares allotted as fully paid pursuant to contract(s) without payment being received in cash during the financial year 2018-19 to 2022-23:

Nil (during FY 2017-18 to 2021-22: Nil) equity shares allotted without payment being received in cash.

ii) Shares issued in aggregate number and class of shares allotted by way of bonus shares:

The Company has issued total Nil equity shares (during FY 2017-18 to 2021-22: Nil equity shares) during the period of five years immediately preceding 31 March 2023 as fully paid up bonus shares including shares issued under ESOP scheme for which entire consideration not received in cash.

iii) Shares bought back during the financial year 2018-19 to 2022-23:

Nil (during FY 2017-18 to 2021-22: Nil ) equity shares bought back pursuant to section 68, 69 and 70 of the Companies Act, 2013.

iv) Shares issued under employee stock option plan (ESOP) during the financial year 2018-19 to 2022-23:

The Company has issued total 1,02,42,954 equity shares of ' 1.00 each (during FY 2017-18 to 2021-22: 63,35,973 equity shares) during the period of five years immediately preceding 31 March 2023 on exercise of options granted under the employee stock option plan (ESOP).

v) Shares reserved for issue under options:

For details of shares reserved for issue under the employee stock option plan (ESOP) of the Company, refer note 61. These options are granted to the employees subject to cancellation under circumstance of his cessation of employment with the Company on or before the vesting date.

Securities premium

Securities premium is used to record the premium on issue of shares, which will be utilised in accordance with provisions of the Act.

Share option outstanding account

The reserve is used to recognize the grant date fair value of options issued to employees under employee stock option schemes and is adjusted on exercise/ forfeiture of options.

General reserve

General reserve is created from time to time by way of transfer profits from retained earnings for appropriation purposes. It is created by a transfer from one component of equity to another and is not an item of other comprehensive income.

Retained earnings

Retained earnings are created from the profit / loss of the Company, as adjusted for distributions to owners, transfers to other reserves, etc.

Debt instruments through other comprehensive income

This represents the cumulative gains and losses arising on the revaluation of debt instruments measured at fair value through other comprehensive income reclassifiable in statement of profit and loss net off existing recognition whien such investments are disposed of or subjected to impairment provision.

27.1 SECURITY NARRATION FOR THR OUTSTANDING CURRENT BORROWINGS FROM BANKS AS AT 31 MARCH 2023: Working capital demand loan facility:

Repayable on demand and secured by way of first pari-passu charge / hypothecation among banks in consortium over the current assets both present and future including inventories and book receivables, owned by the Company.

CBLO borrowings:

Secured against invetsment in governent securites (G-Sec).

27.2 SECURITY NARRATION FOR THR OUTSTANDING CURRENT BORROWINGS FROM BANKS AS AT 31 MARCH 2022: Commercial paper (unsecured):

The company has two types of commercial papers issued:

(i) ' 49.22 crores is repayable in 12 months from the date of drawdown by the Company;

(ii) ' 49.61 crores is repayable in 3 months from the date of drawdown by the Company.

27.3 RATE OF INTEREST: The Company’s current borrowings facilities have an effective weighted-average contractual rate of 6.86 % per annum (31 March 2022 : 3.83 % per annum) calculated using the interest rates effective for the respective borrowings as at reporting dates.

27.4 The Company has filed quarterly statements of current assets with the banks that are in agreement with the books of accounts.

A The Board of Directors at its meeting held on 04 May 2023 have recommended a payment of final dividend of ' 2.70 per equity share with face value of ' 1.00 each for the financial year ended 31 March 2023, which amounts to ' 478.38 crores. The above is subject to approval at the ensuing Annual General Meeting of the Company and hence is not recognised as a liability.

# Paid to shareholders during the financial year 2022-23.

46. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND COMMITMENTS

A Contingent liabilities (Not provided)

Claims against the Company not acknowledged as debt #

Claims by employees

1.11

1.02

Excise duty / service tax / stamp duty matters (refer note 49)

74.36

66.78

Sales tax matters (refer note 49)

87.81

89.69

Income tax matters *

79.73

88.06

Others

5.37

8.37

Total

248.38

253.92

# Based on discussions with the solicitors / favourable decisions in similar cases / legal opinions taken by the Company, the management believes that the Company has a good chance of success in above-mentioned cases and hence, no provision is considered necessary.

* In the event of any unfavourable outcome in respect to such litigations, the liability would be settled to an extent against unused minimum alternate tax credits which have not been recognized as an asset in the books of accounts as been explained in note 26.2.

Pursuant to judgement by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India dated 28 February 2019, it was held that basic wages, for the purpose of provident fund, should include certain allowances which are common for all employees. However, there is uncertainty with respect to the applicability of the judgement and period from which the same applies and accordingly, the Company has not provided for any liability on account of this.

B Commitments

Estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account and not

219.43

187.04

provided for (net of capital advances of ' 7.03 crores (31 March 2022 : ' 25.17 crores))

* Sales tax provisions made towards classification matters and towards rate differences matters pending at various levels including assessing authority / revisional board/ commissioner's level / Appellate Tribunal and at Hon’ble High Courts.

** Entry tax provisions made towards tax difference matters at Orissa pending at various levels including assessing authority / commissioner’s level / Appellate Tribunal and at Hon’ble High Court.

# Excise provisions made towards excise classification matters pending at various levels including Commissioner, Appellate Tribunal and Hon’ble High Court. Further, provision made towards stamp duty cases pending at Hon’ble High Court.

## The utilisations pertains to cases settled during the year against the Company, accordingly the Company deposited amount against aforementioned provision. Adjustments represents amounts reclassified from ‘provision of excise / service tax / stamp duty’ to ‘provision of sales tax / entry tax’.

Notes:

i) These provisions represent estimates made mainly for probable claims arising out of litigations/disputes pending with authorities under various statutes (Excise duty, Sales tax, Entry tax). The probability and the timing of the outflow with regard to these matters depend on the final outcome of the litigations/disputes. Hence, the Company is not able to reasonably ascertain the timing of the outflow.

ii) Discounting obligation has been ignored considering that these disputes relate to Government Authorities.

I. INFORMATION ON LEASE TRANSACTIONS PURSUANT TO IND AS 116 - LEASESA Assets taken on lease *

The Company has leases for office building, warehouses, related facilities and cars. With the exception of short-term leases and leases of low-value underlying assets, each lease is reflected on the balance sheet as a right-of-use

asset and a lease liability. Variable lease payments which do not depend on an index or a rate are excluded from the initial measurement of the lease liability and right of use assets. The Company currently classifies its right-of-use assets in a consistent manner in leased buildings under property, plant and equipment.

Each lease generally imposes a restriction that, unless there is a contractual right for the Company to sublease the asset to another party, the right-of-use asset can only be used by the Company. Some leases contain an option to extend the lease for a further term. The Company is prohibited from selling or pledging the underlying leased assets as security. For leases over office buildings and other premises the Company must keep those properties in a good state of repair and return the properties in their original condition at the end of the lease. Further, the Company is required to pay maintenance fees in accordance with the lease contracts.

Identification of segments:

The chief operational decision maker monitors the operating results of its business segments separately for the purpose of making decisions about resource allocation and performance assessment. Segment performance is evaluated based on profit and loss of the segment and is measured consistently with profit or loss in these financial statements. Operating segments have been identified on the basis of the nature of products.

Segment revenue and results

The expenses and income which are not directly attributable to any business segment are shown as unallocable expenditure (net of unallocable income).

Segment assets and liabilities:

Assets used by the operating segments mainly consist of property, plant and equipment, trade receivables, cash and cash equivalents and inventories. Segment liabilities include trade payables and other liabilities. Common assets and liabilities which cannot be allocated to any of the segments are shown as a part of unallocable assets/liabilities.

57. CAPITAL MANAGEMENT - POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

For the purpose of the Company’s capital management, capital includes issued equity share capital, security premium and all other equity reserves attributable to the equity holders of the Company.

The Company’ s capital management objectives are:

• to ensure the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern

• to provide an adequate return to shareholders

by pricing products and services commensurately with the level of risk.

The Company manages its capital structure and makes adjustments in light of changes in economic conditions and the requirements of the financial covenants. To maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Company may adjust the dividend payment to shareholders, return capital to shareholders or issue new shares. The Company monitors capital using a gearing ratio, which is net debt divided by total capital plus net debt. The Company includes within net debt, interest bearing loans and borrowings, trade and other payables, less cash and cash equivalents, excluding discontinued operations, if any.

In order to achieve this overall objective, the Company’s capital management, amongst other things, aims to ensure that it meets financial covenants attached to the interest-bearing loans and borrowings that define capital structure requirements.

No changes were made in the objectives, policies or processes for managing capital during the years ended 31 March 2023 and 31 March 2022.

58. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT - OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES

The Company’s financial liabilities comprise mainly of borrowings, trade payables and other payables. The Company’s financial assets comprise mainly investments, loans, trade receivables, cash and cash equivalents, other balances with banks and other receivables.

The Company’s financial risk management is an integral part of how to plan and execute its business strategies.

The Company’s activities expose it to market risk, interest rate risk and foreign currency risk. The Board of Directors (‘Board’) oversee the management of these financial risks through its Risk Management Committee. The risk management policy of the Company formulated by the Risk Management Committee and approved by the Board, states the Company’s approach to address uncertainties in its endeavour to achieve its stated and implicit objectives. It prescribes the roles and responsibilities of the Company’s management, the structure for managing risks and the framework for risk management. The framework seeks to identify, assess and mitigate financial risks in order to minimize potential adverse effects on the Company’s financial performance.

The following disclosures summarize the Company’s exposure to financial risks and information regarding use of derivatives employed to manage exposures to such risks. Quantitative sensitivity analysis have been provided to reflect the impact of reasonably possible changes in market rates on the financial results, cash flows and financial position of the Company.

A Market risk

Market risk is the risk of loss of future earnings, fair value or future cash flows arising out of change in the price of a financial instrument. These include change as a result of changes in the interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, equity prices and other market changes that affect market risk sensitive instruments. Market risk is attributable to all market risk sensitive financial instruments including investments and deposits, foreign currency receivables, payables and loans and borrowings.

The Company manages market risk through a risk management committee engaged in, inter alia, evaluation and identification of risk factors with the object of governing/mitigating them according to Company’s objectives and declared policies in specific context of impact thereof on various segments of financial instruments. The Board provides oversight and reviews the risk management policy on a quarterly basis.

i) Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. In order to balance the Company’s position with regards to interest income and interest expense and to manage the interest rate risk, treasury performs comprehensive interest rate risk management. As the Company does not have any significant amount of debt, the exposure to interest rate risk from the perspective of Financial Liabilities is negligible. Further, treasury activities, focused on managing investments in debt instruments, are centralised and administered under a set of approved policies and procedures guided by the tenets of safety, liquidity and returns. This ensures that investments are made within acceptable risk parameters after due evaluation.

ii) Foreign currency risk

The Company operates internationally with transactions entered into several currencies. Consequently the Company is exposed to foreign exchange risk towards honouring of export / import commitments.

Management evaluates exchange rate exposure in this connection in terms of its established risk management policies which includes the use of derivatives like foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge risk of exposure in foreign currency.

The above table represents total exposure of the Company towards foreign exchange denominated assets and liabilities. The details of unhedged exposures are given as part of note 56.

Foreign currency sensitivity

The below table demonstrates the sensitivity to a 1% increase or decrease in the foreign currencies against ', with all other variables held constant. The sensitivity analysis is prepared on the net unhedged exposure of the Company as at the reporting date. 1% represents management’s assessment of reasonably possible change in foreign exchange rate. 1% increase or decrease in foreign exchange rates will have the following impact on profit before tax:

iii) Price risk

The Company’s exposure to price risk arises from investments held and classified as FVTPL or FVTOCI. To manage the price risk arising from investments, the Company diversifies its portfolio of assets.

B Credit risk

Credit risk arises from the possibility that counter party may not be able to settle their obligations as agreed. To manage this, the Company periodically assesses the financial reliability of customers, taking into account the financial condition, current economic trends, and analysis of historical bad debts and ageing of account receivables. Individual risk limits are also set accordingly.

The Company considers the probability of default upon initial recognition of asset and whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk on an ongoing basis throughout each reporting period. To assess whether there is a significant increase in credit risk, the Company compares the risk of default occurring on the asset as at the reporting date with the risk of default as at the date of initial recognition. The Company considers reasonable and supportive forward-looking information.

Financial assets are written-off when there is no reasonable expectation of recovery, such as debtor failing to engage in a repayment plan with the Company. The Company provides for overdue outstanding for more than 90 days other than institutional customers which are evaluated on a case to case basis. The Company’s concentration of risk with respect to trade receivables is low, as its customer’s base is widely spread across the length and breadth of the country.

C Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is defined as the risk that the Company will not be able to settle or meet its obligations on time or at a reasonable price. The Company’s treasury department is responsible for maintenance of liquidity (including quasi liquidity), continuity of funding as well as timely settlement of debts. In addition, policies related to mitigation of risks are overseen by senior management. Management monitors the Company’s net liquidity position on the basis of expected cash flows vis-a-vis debt service fulfilment obligation.

59. CATEGORY WISE CLASSIFICATION OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

The fair values of the financial assets and financial liabilities are defined as the price that would be received on sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair values are consistent with those used for the financial year 2021-22. The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair values:

i) The fair values of investments in mutual fund units is based on the net asset value (‘NAV’) as stated by the issuers of these mutual fund units in the published statements as at Balance Sheet date. NAV represents the price at which the issuer will issue further units of mutual fund and the price at which issuers will redeem such units from the investors.

ii) The fair values of other investments measured at FVTOCI and FVTPL are determined based on observable market data other than quoted prices in active market.

iii) The carrying amount of financial assets and financial liabilities measured at amortised cost in these standalone financial statements are a reasonable approximation of their fair values since the Company does not anticipate that the carrying amounts would be significantly different from the values that would eventually be received or settled.

Financial assets and financial liabilities are measured at fair value in these financial statement and are grouped into three levels of a fair value hierarchy. The three Levels are defined based on the observability of significant inputs to the measurement elucidated in item 5(k) of accounting policies.

C Valuation technique used to determine fair value:

Specific valuation techniques used to value financial instruments include:

(a) Investment in mutual funds: The fair values of investments in mutual fund units is based on the net asset value (‘NAV’) as stated by the issuers of these mutual fund units in the published statements as at Balance Sheet date.

(b) Investment in debt instruments: The fair value of investments that are not traded in an active market is determined using market approach and valuation techniques which maximize the use of observable market data and rely as little as possible on entity-specific estimates.

60. DISCLOSURE RELATING TO EMPLOYEE BENEFITS PURSUANT TO IND AS 19 - EMPLOYEE BENEFITS(A) Defined contribution plans

Amount of ' 3.23 crores (31 March 2022 : ' 3.24 crores) is recognised as an expense and included in employee benefits expense in the Standalone Statement of Profit and Loss under Employees’ Superannuation Fund.

(B) Defined benefit plans Gratuity (funded)

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The gratuity plan provides a lump sum payments to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount equivalent to 15 days salary for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs on completion of 5 continuous years of service as per Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. However, no vesting condition applies in case of death. The weighted average duration of defined benefit obligation is 7.09 years (31 March 2022 : 7.08 years).

The Company makes contributions to “”Dabur Employee’s Gratuity Trust””, which is funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees.

Post separation benefit of Directors

Post separation benefit of directors includes car, telephone, medical and housing facility for eligible directors.

Description of risk exposures:

Valuations are based on certain assumptions, which are dynamic in nature and vary over time. As such, the Company is exposed to various risks as follows:

a) Salary increases - Actual salary increases will increase the plan’s liability. Increase in salary increase rate assumption in future valuations will also increase the liability.

b) Investment risk - If plan is funded then assets/liabilities mismatch and actual investment return on assets lower than the discount rate assumed at the last valuation date can impact the liability.

c) Discount rate - Reduction in discount rate in subsequent valuations can increase the plan’s liability.

d) Mortality and disability - Actual deaths and disability cases proving lower or higher than assumed in the valuation can impact the liabilities.

e) Withdrawals - Actual withdrawals proving higher or lower than assumed withdrawals and change of withdrawal rates at subsequent valuations can impact plan’s liability.

(i) The actuarial valuation of plan assets and the present valuation of defined benefit obligation were computed at year end. The present value of the defined benefit obligation and the related current service cost and past service cost, were measured using the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Discount rate is based on the prevailing market yields of Indian Government Securities as at the balance sheet date for the estimated term of the obligations.

(iii) The salary escalation rate is computed after considering the seniority, the promotion and other relevant factors, such as, demand and supply in employment market.

61. DISCLOSURES REQUIRED PURSUANT TO IND AS 102 - SHARE BASED PAYMENT

Under Employee Stock Option Scheme (ESOP) of the Company, share options of the Company are granted to the senior executives subject to achievement of targets as defined in ongoing vision of the Company. Vesting period ranges from 1 to 5 years. Each option carries the right to the holder to apply for one equity share of the Company at par. There has been no variation in the terms of options during the year. The share options are valued at the fair value of the options as on the date of grant using Black Scholes pricing model. There is no cash settlement alternative.

63. The Holding Company has sold Investment Property at Thane, Mumbai which was classified as assets held for sale on 31 March 2022.

64. Pursuant to Share Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) and Shareholders Agreement (“SHA”) executed by Dabur India Limited (“Dabur” or “the Company”) with the existing Promoters and Shareholders of Badshah Masala Private Limited (“Badshah”), the Company has acquired 51% equity shareholding of Badshah from its shareholders upon fulfillment of terms and conditions as per SPA and SHA and the said transaction has been completed on 2nd January 2023.

Consequent to the above transaction, Badshah Masala Private Limited has become a subsidiary of Dabur India Limited w.e.f. today i.e. 2nd January 2023. Badshah, an Indian company, is primarily engaged in the business of spices under the trademark ‘Badshah’.

The total purchase consideration and transactions costs is ' 481.32 Crores. The entire consideration was paid in cash.

65. Consequent to application of reduction of capital by H&B Stores Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the company for reduction of equity capital base in terms of section 66(1)(b)(i) of companies act, 2013, the company has taken measures by way of creating provision against ensuing corresponding reduction of investment base in its wholly owned domestic subsidiary, which has been shown under exceptional items.

66. Other Statutory Information:

(i) The Company does not have any Benami property, where any proceeding has been initiated or pending against the Company for holding any Benami property.

(ii) The Company does not have any charges pending satisfaction with ROC beyond the statutory period.

(iii) The Company has not traded or invested in Crypto currency or Virtual Currency during the financial year.

(iv) The Company has not advanced or loaned or invested funds to any other person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities (Intermediaries) with the understanding that the Intermediary shall:

a) directly or indirectly lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the company (Ultimate Beneficiaries) or,

b) provide any guarantee, security or the like to or on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries.

(v) The Company has not received any fund from any person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities (Funding Party) with the understanding (whether recorded in writing or otherwise) that the Company shall:

a) directly or indirectly lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Funding Party (Ultimate Beneficiaries) or,

b) provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries.

(vi) The Company has no such transaction which is not recorded in the books of accounts that has been surrendered or disclosed as income during the year in the tax assessments under the Income Tax Act, 1961 such as, search or survey or any other relevant provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961,

(vii) The Company has not been declared as wilful defaulter by any bank or financial institution (as defined under the Companies Act, 2013) or any other lender or consortium thereof, in accordance with the guidelines on wilful defaulters issued by the Reserve Bank of India.

(viii) The Company does not have any transactions with companies struck off, other than disclosed (refer note 29.3).

64. In the opinion of the Board of Directors, current assets have a value on realization in the ordinary course of business at least equal to the amount at which they are stated in the balance sheet and provisions for all known / expected liabilities have been made.

65. The figures of the previous year have been re-classified according to current year classification wherever required.