KYC is one time exercise with a SEBI registered intermediary while dealing in securities markets (Broker/ DP/ Mutual Fund etc.). | No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorise your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries for refund as the money remains in investor's account.   |   Prevent unauthorized transactions in your account – Update your mobile numbers / email ids with your stock brokers. Receive information of your transactions directly from exchange on your mobile / email at the EOD | Filing Complaint on SCORES - QUICK & EASY a) Register on SCORES b) Mandatory details for filing complaints on SCORE - Name, PAN, Email, Address and Mob. no. c) Benefits - speedy redressal & Effective communication   |   BSE Prices delayed by 5 minutes...<< Prices as on Jul 15, 2024 - 1:21PM >>  ABB India 8131  [ -0.93% ]  ACC 2715.7  [ 1.11% ]  Ambuja Cements 687.8  [ 1.70% ]  Asian Paints Ltd. 2954  [ -1.52% ]  Axis Bank Ltd. 1322.15  [ 0.33% ]  Bajaj Auto 9687.4  [ 2.75% ]  Bank of Baroda 255.8  [ 2.01% ]  Bharti Airtel 1435.25  [ 0.16% ]  Bharat Heavy Ele 325.4  [ -0.12% ]  Bharat Petroleum 307.7  [ 1.03% ]  Britannia Ind. 5826.15  [ 0.56% ]  Cipla 1527.65  [ 1.04% ]  Coal India 497.3  [ 0.24% ]  Colgate Palm. 3066.95  [ 1.10% ]  Dabur India 632.9  [ 0.47% ]  DLF Ltd. 831.2  [ 1.19% ]  Dr. Reddy's Labs 6877.3  [ 2.32% ]  GAIL (India) 234.35  [ 2.49% ]  Grasim Inds. 2812.1  [ -1.09% ]  HCL Technologies 1579  [ 1.19% ]  HDFC 2729.95  [ -0.62% ]  HDFC Bank 1622.5  [ -0.11% ]  Hero MotoCorp 5621.95  [ 1.36% ]  Hindustan Unilever L 2621.7  [ -0.03% ]  Hindalco Indus. 698.3  [ 0.88% ]  ICICI Bank 1236.35  [ 0.28% ]  IDFC L 117.35  [ -0.30% ]  Indian Hotels Co 587.7  [ -1.06% ]  IndusInd Bank 1446  [ 0.77% ]  Infosys L 1723.5  [ 0.67% ]  ITC Ltd. 463.55  [ 0.99% ]  Jindal St & Pwr 1007.25  [ -0.58% ]  Kotak Mahindra Bank 1851.25  [ 0.98% ]  L&T 3651.15  [ 0.09% ]  Lupin Ltd. 1828.45  [ 1.74% ]  Mahi. & Mahi 2719.35  [ 0.56% ]  Maruti Suzuki India 12715.4  [ 1.26% ]  MTNL 48.79  [ 5.40% ]  Nestle India 2606.35  [ -0.11% ]  NIIT Ltd. 118.45  [ 0.13% ]  NMDC Ltd. 246.8  [ 0.24% ]  NTPC 386  [ 2.32% ]  ONGC 317.35  [ 3.39% ]  Punj. NationlBak 119.85  [ 1.78% ]  Power Grid Corpo 344.85  [ 0.50% ]  Reliance Inds. 3191.95  [ -0.05% ]  SBI 876.6  [ 1.97% ]  Vedanta 456.7  [ 1.61% ]  Shipping Corpn. 331.7  [ -4.29% ]  Sun Pharma. 1592  [ 0.87% ]  Tata Chemicals 1062.45  [ -0.30% ]  Tata Consumer Produc 1143.05  [ -0.76% ]  Tata Motors 1027  [ 1.02% ]  Tata Steel 167.1  [ -0.95% ]  Tata Power Co. 436.25  [ 0.51% ]  Tata Consultancy 4199.8  [ 0.36% ]  Tech Mahindra 1501.3  [ -0.27% ]  UltraTech Cement 11880.95  [ 2.41% ]  United Spirits 1295.75  [ 0.52% ]  Wipro 560.95  [ 0.16% ]  Zee Entertainment En 156.65  [ 0.71% ]  

Company Information

Indian Indices

  • Loading....

Global Indices

  • Loading....

Forex

  • Loading....

TECH MAHINDRA LTD.

15 July 2024 | 01:09

Industry >> IT Consulting & Software

Select Another Company

ISIN No INE669C01036 BSE Code / NSE Code 532755 / TECHM Book Value (Rs.) 273.21 Face Value 5.00
Bookclosure 26/07/2024 52Week High 1512 EPS 24.11 P/E 62.30
Market Cap. 146897.49 Cr. 52Week Low 1082 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 5.50 / 2.66 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

ACCOUNTING POLICY

You can view the entire text of Accounting Policy of the company for the latest year.
Year End :2024-03 

1. CORPORATE INFORMATION:

Tech Mahindra Limited (referred to as "TechM” or the "Company”) is a leading provider of consulting-led integrated portfolio services to customers which are Telecom Equipment Manufacturers, Telecom Service Providers and IT Infrastructure Service Providers, Business Process Outsourcing Service Providers as well as Enterprise Solutions Services (BFSI, Retail & Logistics, Manufacturing, Energy and Utility (E&U), and Healthcare, Life Sciences, etc.) of Information Technology (IT) and IT-enabled services delivered through a network of multiple locations around the globe. It also provides comprehensive range of IT services, including IT enabled services, application development and maintenance, consulting and enterprise business solutions, extended engineering solutions and infrastructure management services to a diversified base of corporate customers in a wide range of industries including insurance, banking and financial services, manufacturing, telecommunications, transportation and engineering services.

The Company is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in India. The address of its registered office is Gateway Building, Apollo Bunder, Mumbai - 400 001. The Company is listed on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE).

The Board of Directors approved the Standalone Financial Statements for the year ended March 31, 2024 and authorized for issue on April 25, 2024

2. MATERIAL ACCOUNTING POLICY INFORMATION:2.1 Statement of Compliance:

These Standalone Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standard (referred to as "Ind AS”) as prescribed under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules as amended from time to time.

2.2 Basis for preparation of Standalone Financial Statements:

These Standalone Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standard (referred to as "Ind AS”) are presented in Indian rupees ("INR”) which is also the Company’s functional currency. All amounts have been reported in Indian Rupees Million, except for share and earnings per share data, unless otherwise stated. These Standalone financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis and on an accrual basis, except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, as explained in the material accounting policy information below. Also, net defined benefit - assets / liabilities which is valued at fair value of plan assets less present value of defined benefit obligation. Historical cost is generally based on the fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services.

The statement of cash flows has been prepared under indirect method, whereby profit or loss is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a noncash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items of income or expense associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated. The Company considers all highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current and non-current as per the Company’s normal operating cycle of 12 months.

Current/ non-current classification

The Company classifies an asset as current asset when:

- it expects to realise the asset, or intends to sell or consume it, in its normal operating cycle;

- it holds the asset primarily for the purpose of trading;

- i t expects to realise the asset within twelve months after the reporting period; or

- the asset is cash or a cash equivalent unless the asset is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is classified as current when -

- it expects to realise the asset, or intends to sell or consume it, in its normal operating cycle;

- it holds the liability primarily for the purpose of trading;

- the liability is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period; or

- i t does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

The operating cycle is the time between deployment of resources and the realization in cash or cash equivalents of the consideration for such services rendered, the Company’s normal operating cycle is twelve months.

In estimating the fair value of an asset or liability, the Company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability that market participants would take into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Fair value for measurement and/or disclosure purpose in these Standalone financial statements is determined on such a basis, except for share-based payment transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 102 Share-based Payments, leasing transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 116 Leases, and measurements that have some similarities to

fair value but are not fair value, such as ‘value in use’, in Ind AS 36 Impairment of assets.

2.3 Use of Estimates and Judgements:

The preparation of Standalone financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of Standalone financial statements, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the Standalone financial statements, and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reported period. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised prospectively.

Critical accounting estimates, judgement, and assumptions

i) Revenue Recognition

The Company applies the percentage of completion method in accounting for its fixed price development contracts. Use of the percentage of completion method requires the Company to estimate the efforts or costs expended to date (input method) as a proportion of the total efforts or costs to be expended. Efforts or costs expended have been used to measure progress towards completion as there is a direct relationship between input and productivity. Provisions for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the expected contract estimates at the reporting date.

Judgement is also required to determine the transaction price for the contract and to ascribe the transaction price to each distinct performance obligation. The transaction price could be either a fixed amount of customer consideration or variable consideration with elements such as volume discounts, service level credits, performance bonuses, price concessions and incentives.

The transaction price is also adjusted for the effects of the time value of money if the contract includes a significant financing component. Any consideration payable to the customer is adjusted to the transaction price, unless it is a payment for a distinct product or service from the customer. The estimated amount of variable consideration is adjusted in the transaction price only to the extent that it is highly probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognised will not occur and is reassessed at the end of each reporting period. The Company allocates the elements of variable considerations to all the performance obligations of the contract unless there is observable evidence that they pertain to one or more distinct performance obligations.

The Company exercises judgments while determining the transaction price allocated to performance obligations using the expected cost plus margin approach.

ii) Income taxes and deferred taxes

The major tax jurisdiction for the Company is India. Significant judgments are involved in determining the provision for income taxes including judgment on whether tax positions are probable of being sustained in tax assessments. A tax assessment can involve complex issues, which can only be resolved over extended time periods. Deferred tax is recorded on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts, except when the deferred income tax arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss at the time of the transaction, at the rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable profits during the periods in which those

temporary differences and tax loss carry forwards become deductible. The Company considers the expected reversal of deferred tax liabilities and projected future taxable income in making this assessment. The amount of the deferred tax assets considered realizable, however, could be reduced in the near term if estimates of future taxable income during the carry-forward period are reduced. The policy for the same has been explained under Note 2.14.

iii) Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment represent a significant proportion of the asset base of the Company. The charge in respect of periodic depreciation is derived after determining an estimate of an asset’s expected useful life and the expected residual value at the end of its life. The useful lives and residual values of Company’s assets are determined by management at the time the asset is acquired and reviewed at the end of each reporting period. The lives are based on historical experience with similar assets as well as anticipation of future events, which may impact their life, such as changes in technology. The policy for the same has been explained under Note 2.4.

iv) Impairment testing

Investments in subsidiaries, goodwill and intangible assets are tested for impairment at least annually and when events occur or changes in circumstances indicate that the recoverable amount of the asset or cash generating units to which these pertain is less than its carrying value. The recoverable amount of cash generating units is higher of value-in-use and fair value less cost to dispose. The calculation of value in use of a cash generating unit involves use of significant estimates and assumptions which includes turnover and earnings multiples, growth rates and net margins used to calculate projected future cash flows, risk-adjusted discount rate, future economic and

market conditions. The policy for the same has been explained under Note 2.8.

v) Provisions

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. The policy for the same has been explained under Note 2.17.

vi) Defined benefit plans and compensated absences

The cost of the defined benefit plans, compensated absences and the present value of the defined benefit obligation are based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date. The policy for the same has been explained under Note 2.12.

vii) Expected credit losses on financial assets

The impairment provisions of financial assets are based on assumptions about risk of default and expected timing of collection. The Company uses judgment in making these assumptions and selecting the inputs to the impairment calculation, based on the Company’s past history, customer’s creditworthiness, existing market conditions as well as forward looking estimates at

the end of each reporting period. The policy for the same has been explained under Note 2.8.

viii) Other estimates

The share-based compensation expense is determined based on the Company’s estimate of equity instruments that will eventually vest.

2.4 Property, Plant & Equipment and Intangible assets:

Property, Plant & Equipment and intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation/amortisation and net of impairment. Cost of an item of property, plant and equipment comprises its purchase price, including import duties and non-refundable purchase taxes, after deducting trade discounts and rebates, any directly attributable costs of bringing the item to its working condition for its intended use and estimated cost of dismantling and removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located. Subsequent expenditure relating to property, plant and equipment is capitalized only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with these will flow to the company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably.

The cost of property, plant and equipment not available for use as at each reporting date is disclosed under capital work in progress.

Depreciable amount for assets is the cost of an asset, less its estimated residual value. Depreciation on Property, Plant & Equipment (including assets taken on lease), other than freehold land, is charged based on the straight line method on the estimated useful life as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the certain categories of assets, where the life of the assets has been assessed based on internal technical estimate, considering the nature of the asset and estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes.

The estimated useful lives of assets are as follows:

Particulars

Life

Buildings

28 years

Plant and Equipment

3 to 5 years

Furniture and Fixtures

5 years

Vehicles

5 years

Computers

3 years

Office Equipments

5 years

The estimated useful life of intangible assets (software) is 1 to 10 years and these are amortised on a straight line basis. Project specific intangible assets are amortised over their estimated useful life on a straight line basis or over the period of the license/project period, whichever is lower.

The estimated useful life and residual values of Property, Plant & Equipment and Intangible assets are reviewed at the end of each reporting period.

Assets acquired under leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of estimated useful life of the asset or the related lease term.

Intellectual Property Rights (‘ I PR ’) comprise right to use for licensed software. The Company has recognised the IPR based on present value of consideration paid. Subsequent to initial recognition, the intangible asset is measured at cost, less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. The IPR’s are amortised over their estimated useful life of 10 years on a straight line basis.

An item of Property, Plant & Equipment and intangible asset is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of Property, Plant & Equipment and intangible assets is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognised in the Standalone financial statements statement of profit and loss.

When the use of a property changes from owner occupied to investment property, the property is reclassified as investment property at it carrying amount on the date of reclassification.

2.5 Investment Property:

Investment properties are measured initially at cost, including transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, investment properties are measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any in accordance with Ind AS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment.

Depreciation on Investment Property is charged based on the straight line method on the estimated useful life as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

An investment property is derecognised upon disposal or when the investment property is permanently withdrawn from use and no future economic benefits are expected from disposal. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the property (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is included in the Standalone financial statements of profit and loss in the period in which the property is derecognised.

Useful life of investment properties:

Particulars

Life

Buildings

28 years

Plant and Equipments

3 to 5 years

Furniture and Fixtures

5 years

Office equipment

5 years

2.6 Leases:

At inception of the contract, the Company determines whether the contract is a lease or contains a lease arrangement. A contract is, or contains, a lease if the contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

Company as a lessee

The Company recognises right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term at the lease commencement date. The cost of the right-of-use asset measured at inception shall comprise of the amount of the initial measurement of the lease liability adjusted for any lease payments made at or before the commencement date less any lease incentives received, plus any initial direct costs incurred and an estimate of costs to be incurred by the lessee in dismantling and removing the underlying asset or restoring the underlying asset or site on which it is located. The right-of-use assets is subsequently measured at cost less any accumulated depreciation, accumulated impairment losses, if any and adjusted for any remeasurement of the lease liability. The right-of-use assets is depreciated using the straight-line method from the commencement date over the shorter of lease term or useful life of right-of-use asset. The estimated useful lives of right-of-use assets are determined on the same basis as those of property, plant and equipment. Right-of-use assets are tested for impairment whenever there is any indication that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Impairment loss, if any, is recognised in the Standalone financial statements of profit and loss.

The Company measures the lease liability at the present value of the lease payments that are not paid at the commencement date of the lease. The lease payments are discounted using the interest rate implicit in the lease, if that rate can be readily determined. If that rate cannot be readily determined, the Company uses incremental borrowing rate. For leases with reasonably similar characteristics, the Company, on a lease by lease basis, may adopt either the incremental borrowing rate specific to the lease or the incremental borrowing rate for the portfolio as a whole. The lease payments shall include fixed payments, variable lease payments, residual value guarantees, exercise price of a purchase option where the Company is reasonably certain to exercise that option and

payments of penalties for terminating the lease, if the lease term reflects the lessee exercising an option to terminate the lease. The lease liability is subsequently remeasured by increasing the carrying amount to reflect interest on the lease liability, reducing the carrying amount to reflect the lease payments made and remeasuring the carrying amount to reflect any reassessment or lease modifications or to reflect revised insubstance fixed lease payments.

The Company recognises the amount of the remeasurement of lease liability as an adjustment to the right-of-use asset. Where the carrying amount of the right-of-use asset is reduced to zero and there is a further reduction in the measurement of the lease liability, the Company recognises any remaining amount of the remeasurement in Standalone financial statements of profit and loss.

The Company has elected not to apply the requirements of Ind AS 116 to short-term leases of all assets that have a lease term of 12 months or less and leases for which the underlying asset is of low value. The lease payments associated with these leases are recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Company as a lessor

At the inception of the lease the Company classifies each of its leases as either an operating lease or a finance lease. The Company recognises lease payments received under operating leases as income on a straight- line basis over the lease term. In case of a finance lease, finance income is recognised over the lease term based on a pattern reflecting a constant periodic rate of return on the lessor’s net investment in the lease. When the Company is an intermediate lessor it accounts for its interests in the head lease and the sub-lease separately. It assesses the lease classification of a sub-lease with reference to the right-of-use asset arising from the head lease, not with reference to the underlying asset. If a head lease is a short term lease to which the Company applies the exemption described above, then it classifies the sub-lease as an operating lease.

If an arrangement contains lease and non-lease components, the Company applies Ind AS 115 Revenue from Customer Contracts to allocate the consideration in the contract.

2.7 Business Combination

Business combinations are accounted for using the purchase (acquisition) method. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the fair value of the assets transferred, liabilities incurred or assumed and equity instruments issued at the date of exchange by the Company. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at fair value at the date of acquisition. Transaction costs incurred in connection with a business acquisition are expenses as incurred.

When the consideration transferred by the Company in a business combination includes assets or liabilities resulting from a contingent arrangement, the contingent consideration is measured at its acquisition date fair value and included as part of the consideration transferred in a business combination. Contingent consideration that is classified as an asset or liability is remeasured at subsequent reporting dates in accordance with IND AS 109 Financial Instruments or IND AS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets, with the corresponding gain or loss being recognised in Standalone financial statements of profit and loss.

Goodwill and intangible assets

Goodwill represents the cost of acquired business as established at the date of acquisition of the business in excess of the acquirer’s interest in the net fair value of the identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities less accumulated impairment losses, if any. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually or when events or circumstances indicate that the implied fair value of goodwill is less than its carrying amount.

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured at cost of acquisition. Intangible

assets acquired in a business combination are measured at fair value as at the date of acquisition. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any.

2.8 Impairment of Asset:

i) Financial assets

The Company applies the expected credit loss model for recognizing impairment loss on financial assets.

Expected credit loss is the difference between the contractual cash flows and the cash flows that the entity expects to receive discounted using effective interest rate.

Loss allowances for trade receivables are measured at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses. Lifetime expected credit losses are the expected credit losses that result from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial instrument. Lifetime expected credit loss is computed based on a provision matrix which takes into account historical credit loss experience adjusted for forward looking information. For other financial assets, expected credit loss is measured at the amount equal to twelve months expected credit loss unless there has been a significant increase in credit risk from initial recognition, in which case, those are measured at lifetime expected credit loss.

ii) Non-financial assets

Property, plant and equipment and intangible assets with finite life are evaluated for recoverability whenever there is any indication that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount (i.e. higher of the fair value less cost to sell and the value-in-use) is determined on an individual asset basis unless the asset does not generate cash flows that are largely independent of those from other assets. In such cases,

the recoverable amount is determined for the Cash Generating Unit (CGU) to which the asset belongs.

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or CGU) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or CGU) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognised in the Standalone financial statements of profit and loss.

iii) Goodwill

Goodwill is tested for impairment on an annual basis and whenever there is an indication that goodwill may be impaired, relying on a number of factors including operating results, business plans and future cash flows.

The Company estimates the value-in-use of the cash generating unit (CGU) based on the future cash flows after considering current economic conditions and trends, estimated future operating results and growth rate and anticipated future economic and regulatory conditions. The estimated cash flows are developed using internal forecasts. The discount rate used for the CGU’s represent the weighted average cost of capital based on the historical market returns of comparable companies.

2.9 Revenue recognition:

Revenue from information technology and business process outsourcing services include revenue earned from services rendered on ‘time and material’ basis, time bound fixed price engagements and fixed price development contracts.

Revenue is measured based on the consideration specified in a contract with a customer. The Company recognizes revenue when it transfers control over a good or service to a customer. Revenue is measured based on transaction price, which is the consideration, discounts,

rebates, credits, price concessions, incentives, performance bonuses, penalties, or other similar items. Revenue also excludes taxes collected from customers.

Revenue from time and material contracts is recognised as the related services are performed and revenue from the end of the last invoicing to the reporting date is recognised as unbilled revenue.

Revenue from fixed price maintenance contracts is recognised based on the right to invoice for services performed for contracts in which the invoicing is representative of the value being delivered. If invoicing is not consistent with value delivered, revenue is recognized as the services are performed. When services are performed through an indefinite number of repetitive acts over a specified period, revenue is recognised on a straight-line basis over the specified period unless some other method better represents the manner in which services are performed.

Revenue on fixed price development contracts is recognised using the ‘percentage of completion’ method of accounting, unless work completed cannot be reasonably estimated. Percentage of completion is determined based on project costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated project costs required to complete the project. The cost expended (or input) method has been used to measure progress towards completion as there is a direct relationship between input and productivity. If the Company does not have a sufficient basis to measure the progress of completion or to estimate the total contract revenues and costs, revenue is recognised only to the extent of contract cost incurred for which recoverability is probable. When total cost estimates exceed revenues in an arrangement, the estimated losses are recognised in the Standalone financial statement of profit and loss in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

The billing schedules agreed with customers include periodic performance-based payments and / or milestone-based progress payments. Invoices are payable within contractually agreed credit period.

The solutions offered by the Company may include supply of third party equipment or software. In such cases, revenue for supply of such third-party products are recorded at gross or net basis depending on whether the Company is acting as the principal or as an agent of the customer. The Company recognises gross amount of consideration as revenue when it is acting as a principal and net amount of consideration as revenue when it is acting as an agent.

Revenue from the sale of distinct third party hardware is recognized at the point in time when control is transferred to the customer.

Contracts assets are recognised when there is excess of revenue earned over billings on contracts. Contract assets are classified as unbilled revenue when there is unconditional right to receive cash, and only passage of time is required, as per contractual terms.

Contract liability ("Unearned revenue”) arises when there are billing in excess of revenue.

In arrangements for hardware and software implementation and integration, related services and maintenance services, the Company has applied the guidance in Ind AS 115 by applying the revenue recognition criteria for each distinct performance obligation. For allocating the transaction price, the Company has measured the revenue in respect of each performance obligation of a contract at its relative Standalone selling price. The price that is regularly charged for an item when sold separately is the best evidence of its Standalone selling price. In cases where the Company is unable to determine the Standalone selling price, the Company uses the expected cost plus margin approach in estimating the Standalone selling price. Fixed

price development contracts and related services, the performance obligation is satisfied as and when the services are rendered since the customer generally obtains control of the work as it progresses.

Revenue recognition for delivered elements is limited to the amount that is not contingent on the future delivery of products or services, future performance obligations or subject to customer-specified return or refund privileges.

Revenue from licenses where the customer obtains a ‘right to use’ the licenses is recognised at the time the license is made available to the customer. Revenue from licenses where the customer obtains a ‘right to access’ is recognised over the access period. The Company has applied the principles of Ind AS 115 to account for revenues for these performance obligations.

The Company recognises revenue for a sales-based or usage-based royalty promised in exchange for a license of intellectual property only when (or as) the subsequent sale or usage occurs.

The Company accounts for volume discount and pricing incentives to customers as a reduction based on ratable allocation of the discounts/ incentives amount to each of the underlying performance obligation that corresponds to the progress made by the customer towards earning the discount/incentive. Also, when the level of discount varies with increases in levels of revenue transactions, the Company recognises the liability based on its estimate of the customer’s future purchases. If it is probable that the criteria for the discount will not be met, or if the amount thereof cannot be estimated reliably, then discount is not recognised until the payment is probable and the amount can be estimated reliably. The Company recognises changes in the estimated amount of obligations for discounts in the period in which the change occurs.

Deferred contract costs are upfront costs incurred for the contract and are amortized on a systematic basis that is consistent with the transfer to the customer of the goods or services to which the asset relates.

Contract modifications are accounted for when additions, deletions or changes are approved either to the contract scope or contract price. The accounting for modifications of contracts involves assessing whether the services added to an existing contract are distinct and whether the pricing is at the Standalone selling price. Services added that are not distinct are accounted for on a cumulative catch up basis, while those are distinct are accounted for prospectively, either as a separate contract, if the additional services are priced at the Standalone selling price, or as a termination of the existing contract and creation of a new contract if not priced at the Standalone selling price.

In accordance with Ind AS 37, the Company recognises an onerous contract provision when the unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under a contract exceed the economic benefits to be received.

The Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers by nature of services, geography and industry verticals.

2.10 Foreign currency transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities are restated into the functional currency using exchange rates prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet. Gains and losses arising on settlement and restatement of foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities are recognised in the Standalone financial statements of profit and loss.

2.11 Financial Instruments:

Financial assets and liabilities are recognised when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments.

Financial assets and liabilities are initially measured at fair value except for trade receivables which are initially measured at transaction price. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value measured on initial recognition of financial asset or financial liability. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognised in Standalone statement of profit and loss.

i) Non-derivative financial instruments: Cash and cash equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and that are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value and having original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.

Financial assets at amortised cost

Financial assets are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method less impairment losses, if these financial assets are held within a business model whose objective is to hold these assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Financial assets at fair value

Financial assets not measured at amortised cost are carried at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL) on initial recognition, unless the Company irrevocably elects on initial recognition to present subsequent changes in fair value in ‘other comprehensive income’, for investment in equity instruments which are not held for trading.

The Company, on initial application of IND AS 109 Financial Instruments, has made an irrevocable election to present in ‘other comprehensive income’, subsequent changes in fair value of equity instruments not held for trading.

Financial asset at FVTPL, are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, with any gains or losses arising on remeasurement recognised in the Standalone statement of profit and loss.

Investment in subsidiaries

Investment in subsidiaries is carried at cost less impairment as per Ind AS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements.

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method or at FVTPL. For financial liabilities carried at amortised cost, the carrying amounts approximate fair values due to the short term maturities of these instruments. Financial liabilities are classified as at FVTPL when the financial liability is either contingent consideration recognised in a business combination, or is held for trading or it is designated as FVTPL. Financial liabilities at FVTPL are stated at fair value, with any gains or losses arising on remeasurement recognised in Standalone statement of profit and loss.

ii) Derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting

The Company is exposed to foreign currency fluctuations on foreign currency assets, liabilities and forecasted cash flows denominated in foreign currency. The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts / options to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations relating to certain forecasted transactions. The Company designates some of these forward contracts / options

as hedge instruments and accounts for them as cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in Ind AS 109.

The use of foreign currency forward contracts / options is governed by the Company’s risk management policy approved by the Board of Directors, which provide written principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with the Company’s risk management strategy. The counter party to the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts is generally a bank. The Company does not use derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes.

Foreign currency forward contract/option derivative instruments are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated under ‘effective portion of cash flow hedges’ (net of taxes), and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the Standalone statement of profit and loss.

Amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in effective portion of cash flow hedges are reclassified to the Standalone statement of profit and loss in the same period in which gains/losses on the item hedged are recognised in the Standalone statement of profit and loss.

Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognised in the Standalone statement of profit and loss as they arise.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer

qualifies for hedge accounting. Cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument classified as effective portion of cash flow hedges is classified to Standalone statement of profit and loss when the forecasted transaction occurs. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in effective portion of cash flow hedges is transferred to the Standalone statement of profit and loss for the period.

iii) Derecognition of financial instruments

The Company derecognises a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or when it transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another party. If the Company retains substantially all the risk and rewards of transferred financial assets, the Company continues to recognise the financial asset and also recognises the borrowing for the proceeds received.

The Company derecognises financial liabilities when, and only when, the Company’s obligation are discharged, cancelled or have expired. Cost associated with derecognition of financial assets including trade receivables is recorded under the head finance cost as discount and other charges.

iv) Financial Guarantee contracts

Financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company are initially measured at fair value and subsequently measured at the higher of the amount of loss allowance determined in accordance with impairment requirements of Ind AS 109; and the amount initially recognised less, when appropriate, the cumulative amount of income recognised in accordance with the principles of Ind AS 115.

2.12 Employee Benefits:

a. Defined benefit plans:

For defined benefit plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Remeasurement, comprising actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the changes to the asset ceiling and the return on plan assets (excluding interest), is reflected immediately in the balance sheet with a charge or credit recognised in other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur. The gratuity plan provides for a lump sum payment to employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of the employment based on the respective employee’s last drawn salary and the tenure of the employment.

b. Defined contribution plans:

(i) Provident fund & NPS:

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive the benefits of Provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees’ salary which are charged to the Standalone statement of profit and loss on accrual basis. The provident fund contributions are paid to the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner by the Company. The Company has no further obligations for future provident fund. In addition the Company and employees, as eligible also contributes to the national pension scheme. This is also a define contribution plan.

(ii) Superannuation:

Contributions to Superannuation fund which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the

Standalone statement of profit and loss on an accrual basis.

The Company has no further obligations for future superannuation fund benefits other than its annual contributions.

c. Compensated absences:

The Company provides for compensated absences and long term service awards subject to Company’s rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment or availment. The liability is accrued based on the number of days of unavailed leave at each Balance Sheet date and the awards are accrued based on number of years of service of an employee. It is measured at the balance sheet date on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the Standalone statement of profit and loss in the period in which they occur.

The Company also offers a short term benefit in the form of encashment of unavailed accumulated compensated absences above certain limits for all of its employees and same is recognised as undiscounted liability at the balance sheet date.

d. Other employee benefits:

Other employee benefits such as overseas social security contributions, employees’ state insurance scheme (ESI) and performance incentives expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered by employees, are recognised in the Standalone statement of profit and loss during the period when the employee renders the service.

2.13 Recognition of dividend income, interest income and rental income:

Dividend income is recognised when the Company’s right to receive dividend is established.

Interest income is recognised using effective interest rate method.

Rental income from the investment property is recognised in Standalone statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the term of lease except where the rentals are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation.

2.14 Taxation:

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the current tax amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date and applicable for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to / recovered from the tax authorities, based on estimated tax liability computed after taking credit for allowances and exemptions in accordance with the local tax laws existing in the respective countries.

Current and deferred tax are recognised in the Standalone statement of profit and loss, except when they relate to items that are recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case, the income taxes are recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

The current income tax expense includes income taxes payable by the Company and its branches in India and overseas. The current tax payable by the Company in India is Indian income tax payable on worldwide income. Current income tax payable by overseas branches of the Company is computed in accordance with the tax laws applicable in the jurisdiction in which the respective branch operates. The proportionate

credit for the taxes paid outside I ndia are generally available for set off against the Indian income tax liability of the Company’s worldwide income.

Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the statement of financial position after off-setting advance tax paid and income tax provision arising in the same tax jurisdiction and where the relevant tax paying unit has a legally enforceable right and intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis.

Deferred income taxes

Deferred income tax is recognised using the balance sheet approach. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognised for deductible and taxable temporary differences arising between the tax base of assets and liabilities and their carrying amount.

Deferred income tax assets are recognised to the extent it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilised.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using substantively enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when it relates to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority and the relevant entity intends to settle its current tax assets and liabilities on a net basis.

The Company recognises interest levied and penalties related to income tax assessments in interest expenses.

2.15 Employee Stock Option Plans:

Equity instruments granted are measured by reference to the fair value of the instrument at the date of grant. The equity instruments generally vest in a graded manner over the vesting period. The fair value determined at the grant date is expensed over the vesting period of the respective tranches of such grants (accelerated amortization). The share-based compensation expense is determined based on the Company’s estimate of equity instruments that will eventually vest.

The expense is recognised in the statement of profit and loss with a corresponding increase to the ‘share option outstanding account’, which is a component of equity.

2.16 Research and development:

Research costs are recognised as an expense in the Standalone statement of profit and loss in the period they are incurred. Development costs are recognised in the Standalone statement of profit and loss unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete the development project and use the asset and the costs can be measured reliably.

2.17 Earnings per Share:

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for any bonus shares issued during the period.

For calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the equity shares been actually issued at fair value

(i.e. the average market value of the outstanding equity shares).

2.18 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognised as a finance costs.

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events,

the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the Standalone financial statements.

2.18 Recent pronouncements

Ministry of Corporate Affairs ("MCA”) notifies new standards or amendments to the existing standards under Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules as issued from time to time for the year ended March 31, 2024, MCA has not notified any new standards or amendments to the existing standards applicable to the Company.