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ABB INDIA LTD.

23 July 2024 | 09:49

Industry >> Electric Equipment - General

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ISIN No INE117A01022 BSE Code / NSE Code 500002 / ABB Book Value (Rs.) 280.52 Face Value 2.00
Bookclosure 11/05/2024 52Week High 9150 EPS 58.61 P/E 131.28
Market Cap. 163057.14 Cr. 52Week Low 3850 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 27.43 / 0.38 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

AUDITOR'S REPORT

You can view full text of the latest Director's Report for the company.
Year End :2023-12 

ABB India Limited

Report on the Audit of the Financial Statements

Opinion

We have audited the financial statements of ABB India Limited (the "Company") which comprise the balance sheet as at 31 December 2023, and the statement of profit and loss (including other comprehensive income), statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.

In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid financial statements give the information required by the Companies Act, 2013 ("Act") in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Company as at 31 December 2023, and its profit and other comprehensive loss, changes in equity and its cash flows for the year ended on that date.

Basis for Opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified under Section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities under those SAs are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the financial statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion on the financial statements.

Key Audit Matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

Revenue from fixed price contracts using percentage of completion method

See Note 2.6 and 2.3(a) to the financial statements

The key audit matter

How the matter was addressed in our audit

Revenue from fixed price contracts are recognized in accordance with Ind AS 115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and as detailed in note 2.6 of the “significant accounting policies” in the financial statements.

In view of the significance of the matter, we applied the following audit procedures in this area, among others to obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence:

There are key judgements and estimates involved in recognition of revenue relating to fixed price contracts on a percentage of completion method, which includes:

• Estimation of total contract costs and remaining costs to completion, which is a critical factor in measuring progress of a contract and amounts of revenue to be recognized;

• Evaluation of risks arising from operational delays, contract terms, changes in estimations, technical, legal, external environment etc. This requires the Company to estimate costs to capture such risks, including liquidated damages and warranties.

In view of the above and given the Company and its stakeholders focus on revenue as a key performance indicator, we determined this to be a key audit matter.

• We assessed the appropriateness of the revenue recognition accounting policies by comparing with applicable accounting standards.

• We understood the process on revenue recognition of fixed price contracts using percentage of completion method and tested key internal controls (both design and operating effectiveness) with respect to revenue recognition of such contracts on random sample basis.

• We performed analytical procedures on revenue recognised during the year on such contracts at segment level to identify unusual variances, if any, vis-a-vis previous year and discussed with designated management personnel.

• We performed substantive testing on the statistically selected samples of revenue transactions recorded during the year by testing the underlying documents and approvals.

• We evaluated management’s estimates over contract costs by performing analytical procedures on such estimates and discussed with designated management personnel.

• We performed a retrospective review for contracts completed during the current year by comparing the final outcome of the contracts with previous estimates made for those contracts to assess the reliability of the management’s estimation process.

• We tested provision for onerous contracts on statistically selected samples.

• We performed tests on whether actual costs have been accrued in the correct period, by testing the underlying documents for samples selected using statistical sampling.

• We tested the disclosures made in the financial statements

Recoverability of trade receivables

See Note 2.12(a) and 2.3(c) to the financial statements

Trade receivables, including retention money with customers, forms a significant part of the financial statements. Management’s assessment of recoverability of trade receivables involves critical evaluation of all factors impacting recoverability including impact of external environment such as capability of customers to pay.

Management makes an impairment allowance for trade receivables on the basis of its assessment of recoverability of specific customers and on the basis of expected credit loss model for the remaining customers in accordance with Ind AS 109, Financial Instruments. For the purposes of impairment assessment, significant judgements and assumptions are made, including assessing credit risk, timing and amount of realization, etc.

In view of the above, we determined this to be a key audit matter.

In view of the significance of the matter we applied the following audit

procedures in this area, among others to obtain sufficient appropriate audit

evidence:

• We obtained an understanding of the processes implemented by management to estimate impairment provision against trade receivables.

• We tested key controls (both design and operating effectiveness) over management’s estimate of impairment loss on a random sample basis.

• We obtained and tested the appropriateness of ageing of trade receivables with the underlying invoices on a sample basis using random sampling.

• We obtained, discussed and tested management assessment of impairment for specific customers on statistically selected samples and discussed with designated management personnel.

• We evaluated the impairment model adopted by management to estimate the expected credit loss and tested related assumptions and computations. We corroborated management’s estimates based on past trends, available information and discussed them with designated management personnel.

• We have also involved specialists to evaluate the reasonableness of management’s expected credit loss model and related assumptions.

Other Information

The Company's Management and Board of Directors are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the annual report, but does not include the financial statements and auditor's report thereon. The annual report is expected to be made available to us after the date of this auditor's report.

Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above when it becomes available and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

When we read the annual report, if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance and take necessary actions, as applicable under the applicable laws and regulations.

Management's and Board of Directors' Responsibilities for the Financial Statements

The Company's Management and Board of Directors are responsible for the matters stated in Section 134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation of these financial statements that give a true and fair view of the state of affairs, profit/ loss and other comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) specified under Section 133 of the Act. This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the financial statements, the Management and Board of Directors are responsible for assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the Board of Directors either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

The Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Company's financial reporting process.

Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.

As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.

• Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under Section 143(3)(i) of the Act, we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the company has adequate internal financial controls with reference to financial statements in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls.

• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the Management and Board of Directors.

• Conclude on the appropriateness of the Management and Board of Directors use of the going concern basis of accounting in preparation of financial statements and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.

• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements

1. As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order, 2020 ("the Order") issued by the Central Government of India in terms of Section 143(11) of the Act, we give in the "Annexure A" a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order, to the extent applicable.

2 A. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act, we report that:

a. We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit.

b. In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept so far as it appears from our examination of those, except that the back-up of one of the software which forms part of the 'books of account and other relevant books and papers in electronic mode' have not been maintained on the servers physically located in India on a daily basis during 1 January 2023 till 12 December 2023. Further, the Company has maintained back up of software referred to above on servers located outside India on a daily basis during the period from 1 January 2023 till 12 December 2023.

c. The balance sheet, the statement of profit and loss (including other comprehensive income), the statement of changes in equity and the statement of cash flows dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account.

d. In our opinion, the aforesaid financial statements comply with the Ind AS specified under Section 133 of the Act.

e. On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on 09 January 2024, 17 January 2024, 24 January 2024, and 09 February 2024 taken on record by the Board of Directors, none of the directors is disqualified as on 31 December 2023 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164(2) of the Act.

f. The reservation relating to the maintenance of accounts and other matters connected therewith are as stated in the paragraph 2A(b) above.

g. With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference to financial statements of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in "Annexure B".

B. With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor's Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:

a. The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations as at 31 December 2023 on its financial position in its financial statements - Refer Note 10, 23, 24 and 42 to the financial statements.

b. The Company has made provision, as required under the applicable law or accounting standards, for material foreseeable losses, if any, on long-term contracts including derivative contracts - Refer Note 21 and 23 to the financial statements.

c. There has been no delay in transferring amounts, required to be transferred, to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company.

d. (i) The management has represented that, to the best of their knowledge and belief, as disclosed in the Note 49(e) to

the financial statements, no funds have been advanced or loaned or invested (either from borrowed funds or share premium or any other sources or kind of funds) by the Company to or in any other person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities ("Intermediaries"), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Intermediary shall directly or indirectly lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Company ("Ultimate Beneficiaries") or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries:

(ii) The management has represented that, to the best of their knowledge and belief, as disclosed in the Note 49(e) to the financial statements, no funds have been received by the Company from any person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities ("Funding Parties"), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Company shall directly or indirectly, lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Funding Parties ("Ultimate Beneficiaries") or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries.

(iii) Based on the audit procedures performed that have been considered reasonable and appropriate in the circumstances, nothing has come to our notice that has caused us to believe that the representations under sub-clause (i) and (ii) of Rule 11(e), as provided under (i) and (ii) above, contain any material misstatement.

e. The interim dividend declared and paid by the Company during the year and until the date of this audit report is in accordance with Section 123 of the Act.

The final dividend paid by the Company during the year, in respect of the same declared for the previous year, is in accordance with Section 123 of the Act to the extent it applies to payment of dividend.

As stated in Note 50 to the financial statements, the Board of Directors of the Company has proposed final dividend for the year which is subject to the approval of the members at the ensuing Annual General Meeting. The dividend declared is in accordance with Section 123 of the Act to the extent it applies to declaration of dividend.

f. As proviso to rule 3(1) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 is applicable for the Company from the financial year commencing on or after 1 April 2023, reporting under Rule 11(g) of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014 is not applicable to the Company for the year ended 31 December 2023

C. With respect to the matter to be included in the Auditor's Report under Section 197(16) of the Act:

In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the remuneration paid by the Company to its directors during the current year is in accordance with the provisions of Section 197 of the Act. The remuneration paid to any director is not in excess of the limit laid down under Section 197 of the Act. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has not prescribed other details under Section 197(16) of the Act which are required to be commented upon by us.

For B S R & Co. LLP

Chartered Accountants Firm's Registration No.:101248W/W-100022

Amit Somani

Partner

Membership No.: 060154 ICAI UDIN:24060154BKFDGV8713

Place : Nashik

Date : 20 February 2024