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COAL INDIA LTD.

12 July 2024 | 12:00

Industry >> Mining/Minerals

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ISIN No INE522F01014 BSE Code / NSE Code 533278 / COALINDIA Book Value (Rs.) 134.24 Face Value 10.00
Bookclosure 20/02/2024 52Week High 527 EPS 60.69 P/E 8.18
Market Cap. 305794.58 Cr. 52Week Low 227 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 3.70 / 5.14 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

AUDITOR'S REPORT

You can view full text of the latest Director's Report for the company.
Year End :2023-03 

To the Members of Coal India Limited

Report on the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements

Opinion

We have audited the accompanying Standalone Financial Statements of Coal India Limited (“the Company”), which comprise the Balance Sheet as at March 31,2023, the Statement of Profit and Loss (including Other Comprehensive Income), the Statement of Changes in Equity and the Statement of Cash Flows for the year then ended and notes to the Standalone Financial Statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies and Other Explanatory Notes for the year ended on that date (hereinafter referred to as the “Standalone Financial Statements”).

In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid Standalone Financial Statements give the information required by the Companies Act, 2013 (the “Act”) in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the Indian Accounting Standards prescribed under section 133 of the Act read with the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, as amended from time to time, (“Ind AS”) and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 31, 2023, and its profit and Other Comprehensive Income, Changes in Equity and its Cash Flows for the year ended on that date.

Basis for Opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified under section 143(10) of the Companies Act, 2013. Our responsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditors’ Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements under

the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules thereunder and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Emphasis of Matter

We draw attention to the following notes / matters to the Standalone Financial Statements.

i) Note No. 11(4), regarding carrying forward of input tax credit on GST paid on input materials/services available for utilization against GST on output. GST liability on coal is 5% whereas the inputs are being taxed at 18% and GST Input tax credit getting accumulated amounting to H 76.81 crore and outstanding as at March 31, 2023 (March 31, 2022: H 59.79 crore) largely relate to such inverted duty structure. The amount is not refundable in terms of notification issued in this respect and is therefore available only for utilization against duty on output. Consequential adjustments and impact thereof pending determination of amount as such cannot be commented upon by us; and

ii) The Regulation 17 read with Schedule II of SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 dealing with mandatory requirement of an independent woman director is yet to be complied with by the company.

Our opinion is not modified in respect of the above matters.

Key Audit Matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements of the current year. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters. We have determined the matters described below to be the Key Audit Matters for incorporation in our Report:

Key Audit Matters

Addressing the Key Audit Matters

Evaluation of provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

Our Audit procedures based on which we arrived at the conclusion

There are a number of litigations including direct and indirect

regarding reasonableness of disclosure of contingent liability and

taxes, various claims, etc. pending before various forums

recognition of provisions includes the following:

against the Company and the management’s judgement is

We have obtained an understanding of the Company’s internal

required for estimating the amount to be provided and/or

instructions and procedures in respect of estimation, assessment

disclosed as contingent liability.

and disclosure of contingent liabilities;

We identified this as a key audit matter because the estimates

Understood and tested the design and operating effectiveness

and assessment with respect to these involve a significant

of controls as established by the management for obtaining all

degree of management’s judgement, interpretations, and may

relevant information for pending litigation cases;

therefore require adequate attention to arrive at the required

Discussed with the management regarding any material

conclusion.

developments thereto and latest status of legal matters;

(Refer Note No. 38(1)(a) to the Standalone Financial

Read various correspondences and related documents pertaining

Statements, read with the Significant Accounting Policy No.

to litigations involved and relevant external legal opinions obtained

2.21)

by the management and performed substantive procedures on estimation supporting the disclosure of contingent liabilities; Examined management’s judgements and assessments in respect of whether provisions are required;

Reviewed the management’s assessments of those matters which have not been provided for or disclosed as contingent liability since the probability of material outflow has been considered to be remote;

Reviewed the adequacy and completeness of disclosures;

Based on the above procedures performed, the estimation of provision and disclosures for contingent liabilities have been considered to be adequate and reasonable.

Impairment of investment in subsidiaries:

Our Audit procedures based on which we arrived at the conclusion

As at March 31, 2023, the Company held investments

regarding reasonableness of Impairment includes the following:

with a carrying amount of H 4,269.42 crore and H 4,657.00

Pursuant to the outcome of the measures taken, the performance

crore in Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL) and Bharat

of the subsidiary companies after coming out of Board for Industrial

Coking Coal Limited (BCCL) respectively, wholly owned

and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR) have improved significantly.

subsidiaries. These investments are carried at cost in the

There had been a consistent positive trend in performance and

Company’s standalone financial statements. Consequent

gradual decrease in accumulated losses of these companies.

to accumulation of losses incurred by the subsidiaries in

The accumulated losses of BCCL and ECL have significantly

earlier years, net worth of these companies have been

decreased to H 872.87 crore and H 1,725.55 crore from H 4,106.03

eroded to that extent. These are investments in wholly

crore and H 2,716.00 crore respectively;

owned subsidiaries and are long term and strategic in

Sensitivity analysis and evaluation whether any reasonably

nature and as such no impairment in value thereof has

foreseeable change in assumption could lead to impairment;

been recognised by the management.

Further, in most recent time there has not been any significant

We considered this as a key audit matter since the amount of investments are material and value of investment if eroded and lost need to be given effect to in the financial statements in terms of Indian Accounting Standard 36 “Impairment of Assets”. The matter during the year ended March 31, 2022 has also been considered relevant

events that have occurred or circumstances that have changed that may lead to the likelihood that the carrying amount of these companies would be less than current is remote;

Broad review of future performance, prospects for consistency

based on our understanding of the internal and external factors

largely placing the reliance on management’s assumption with

for reporting under Emphasis of Matter paragraph by predecessor auditor.

respect to expected volume of business and sustainability of the profit;

(Refer to Note No. 7(1) to the Standalone Financial Statements.)

We have evaluated the adequacy of the disclosures made in the Standalone financial statement;

Placing reliance on the management’s assumption for future prospects, expansion of current capacity, expected volume of business and sustainability of the profitability and cash flows therefrom.

Information Other than the Standalone Financial Statements and Auditors’ Report Thereon

The Company’s Board of Directors is responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the Annual Report, but does not include the Standalone Financial Statements and our auditors’ report thereon. The other information as stated above is expected to be made available to us after the date of this auditors’ report.

Our opinion on the Standalone Financial Statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the Standalone Financial Statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above when it becomes available, and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the Standalone Financial Statements, or our knowledge obtained during the course of our audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

When we read the other information as stated above and if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance and describe necessary actions required as per applicable laws and regulations.

Responsibilities of the Management and Those Charged with Governance for the Standalone Financial Statements

The Company’s Board of Directors is responsible for the matters stated in section 134(5) of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act”) with respect to the preparation of these Standalone Financial Statements that give a true and fair view of the state of affairs (financial position), Profit or Loss (financial performance including other comprehensive income), changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Indian accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Act read with relevant rules, as amended.

This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the Standalone Financial Statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the Standalone Financial Statements, management is responsible for assessing the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting

unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

Those Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Company’s financial reporting process.

Auditors’ Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the Standalone Financial Statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditors’ report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these Standalone Financial Statements.

As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the Standalone Financial Statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control;

• Obtain an understanding of internal financial control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)(i) of the Act, we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the Company has adequate internal financial controls system in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls;

• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the management;

• Conclude on the appropriateness of management’s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditors’ report to the related disclosures in the Standalone Financial Statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditors’ report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern; and

• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the Standalone Financial Statements, including the disclosures, and whether the Standalone Financial Statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

Materiality is the magnitude of misstatements in the Standalone Financial Statements that, individually or in aggregate, makes it probable that the economic decisions of a reasonably knowledgeable user of the Standalone Financial Statements may be influenced. We consider quantitative materiality and qualitative factors in (i) planning the scope of our audit work and in evaluating the results of our work; and (ii) to evaluate the effect of any identified misstatements in the Standalone Financial Statements.

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the Standalone Financial Statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditors’ report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Other Matters

The comparative financial information of the Company for the year ended 31st March, 2022 included in these Ind AS Standalone Financial Statement, are based on the Standalone Financial Statements for the year ended 31st March, 2022 audited by predecessor auditor, M/s. Ray and Ray, an independent firm of Chartered Accountants, whose report for the year ended 31st March, 2022 dated 13th July, 2022 expressed unmodified opinion on those Standalone Financial Statements. Reliance has been placed by us on the said Standalone Financial Statements and the report issued thereupon for the purpose of these Standalone Financial Statements and the report issued by us.

Our opinion is not modified in respect of the above matter.

Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements

1) As required by the Companies (Auditors’ Report) Order, 2020 (“the Order”), issued by the Central Government of India in terms of sub-section (11) of section 143 of the Companies Act, 2013, we give in the “Annexure - A”, a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order, to the extent applicable;

2) As required under Section 143 (5) of the Companies Act, 2013, we give in the “Annexure - B”, a statement on the Directions issued by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India after complying with their suggested methodology of audit, the action taken thereon and its impact on the accounts and Standalone Financial Statements of the Company;

3) Further to our comments in the annexure referred to in the paragraph above, as required by Section 143(3) of the Act, we report that:

a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit;

b) In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as it appears from our examination of those books;

c) The Balance Sheet, the Statement of Profit and Loss (including Other Comprehensive Income), Statement of Changes in Equity and Statement of Cash Flows dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account;

d) In our opinion, the aforesaid Standalone Financial Statements comply with the Indian Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, as amended from time to time;

e) In terms of Notification no. G.S.R. 463 (E) dated 05th June 2015 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, provisions of Section 164(2) of the Act regarding disqualifications of the Directors, are not applicable as it is a Government Company; and

f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference to Standalone Financial Statements of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in “Annexure C”. Our report expresses an unmodified opinion on the adequacy and operating effectiveness of the Company’s internal control with reference to standalone financial statements.

4) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditors’ Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Amendment Rules, 2021, in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:

a) The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financial position in its standalone financial statements - Refer note 38(1)(a) of the Standalone Financial Statements;

b) The Company did not have any material foreseeable losses against long-term contracts, including derivative contracts and thereby requirement for making provision in this respect is not applicable to the company;

c) There were no amounts which were required to be transferred to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company;

d) (i) The Management has represented that, to the best

of its knowledge and belief as disclosed in Note No. 38(7)(q) to the standalone financial statements, no funds have been advanced or loaned or invested (either from borrowed funds or securities premium or any other sources or kind of funds) by the Company to or in any other person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities (“Intermediaries”), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Intermediary shall, directly or indirectly lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Company “Ultimate Beneficiaries”) or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries;

(ii) The Management has represented, that, to the best of its knowledge and belief as disclosed in Note No. 38(7)(q) to the standalone financial statements, no funds have been received by the Company from any person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities (“Funding Parties”), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing

or otherwise, that the Company shall, directly or indirectly, lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Funding Parties (“Ultimate Beneficiaries”) or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries; and

(iii) Based on such audit procedures we have been considered reasonable and appropriate in the circumstances, nothing has come to our notice that has caused us to believe that the representations under sub-clause (i) and (ii) of Rule 11(e), as provided under (a) and (b) above, contain any material misstatement.

5) The dividend declared or paid during the year by the Company is in compliance with Section 123 of the Act;

6) Proviso to Rule 3(1) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules,

2014 for maintaining books of account using accounting software which has a feature of recording audit trail (edit log) facility is applicable with effect from April 1, 2023 to the Company, which is the company incorporated in India, and accordingly, reporting under Rule 11(g) of Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014 is not applicable for the financial year ended March 31, 2023; and

7) As per notification number G.S.R. 463 (E) dated 5th June,

2015 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, section 197 of the Act as regards the managerial remuneration is not applicable to the Company, since it is a Government Company.

For Lodha & Co Chartered Accountants Firm's ICAI Registration Number: 301051E

Sd/-R. P. Singh

(Partner)

Place: Kolkata Membership No. 052438

Date: 7th May, 2023 UDIN: 23052438BGXSBT1343