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Company Information

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BAJAJ AUTO LTD.

20 June 2024 | 04:06

Industry >> Auto - 2 & 3 Wheelers

Select Another Company

ISIN No INE917I01010 BSE Code / NSE Code 532977 / BAJAJ-AUTO Book Value (Rs.) 1,037.41 Face Value 10.00
Bookclosure 14/06/2024 52Week High 10039 EPS 276.10 P/E 34.89
Market Cap. 268905.94 Cr. 52Week Low 4541 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 9.28 / 0.83 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

NOTES TO ACCOUNTS

You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
Year End :2023-03 

Estimation of fair value

The best evidence of fair value is current prices in an active market for similar properties. Since investment properties leased out by the Company are cancellable and non-cancellable leases, the market rate for sale/purchase of such premises are representative of fair values. Company's investment properties are at a location where active market is available for similar kind of properties. Hence, fair value is ascertained on the basis of market rates prevailing for similar properties in those location determined by an independent registered valuer, as defined under rule 2 of Companies (Registered Valuers and Valuation)

Rules 2017, and consequently classified as a level 2 valuation.

Notes to investments

1 investments made by the Company other than those with a maturity of less than one year, are intended to be held for long-term. On an assessment of the expected credit loss due to significant changes in risk profile, no material provisions are required to be made.

2 in absence of an active market and non availability of quotes on a recognised stock exchange, investment in fixed maturity plans and fixed term plans though listed on recognised stock exchanges are disclosed as unquoted. Other mutual funds, though unlisted, are quoted on recognised stock exchanges at their previous day NAVs which is the quote for the day.

3 Refer note 1 (6) for accounting policy on investments and note 33 for credit risk management related to investments.

Amount recognised in profit and Loss

Write-downs of inventories to net realisable value/reversal of provision for write-down, resulted in net loss/(gain) of H 52.20 crore [Previous year - H 6.74 crore]. These were recognised as an expense/(income) during the year in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

* The Board of Directors at its meeting held on 27 June 2022 approved a proposal to buyback fully paid up equity shares of the Company having a face value of H 10 each from the existing shareholders (except promoters, promoter group and persons in control of the Company) from open market through stock market mechanism (i.e. through National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. and BSE Ltd.) at a maximum buyback price not exceeding H 4,600 per equity share and maximum buyback size up to H 2,500 crore.

In this regard, the Company bought back 6,409,662 number of equity shares from the stock exchange at a volume weighted average buyback price of H 3,900.31 per share comprising 2.22% of the pre-buyback number of shares of the Company. The buyback resulted in a cash outflow of H 2,499.97 crore (excluding transaction cost and tax on buyback). An amount of H 582.39 crore was paid towards tax on buyback. In accordance with relevant statutory provisions, the Company has created a capital redemption reserve of H 6.41 crore, equal to the nominal value of shares bought back, as an appropriation from retained earnings.

The Buyback Committee of the Company, at its meeting held on 10 October 2022, approved the completion and closure of the buyback.

b. Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of H 10 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The interim dividend declared by the Board of Directors; and the final dividend proposed by the Board of Directors and approved by the shareholders in the annual general meeting is paid in Indian rupees. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts.

The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

Nature and purpose of reserve:

General reserve

General reserve is free reserve available for distribution as recommended by Board in accordance with requirements of the Companies Act, 2013, Mandatory transfer to general reserve is not required under the Companies Act, 2013,

Retained earnings

Retained earnings is a free reserve, This is the accumulated profit earned by the Company till date, less transfer to general reserve, dividend and other distributions made to the shareholders,

Cash flow hedging reserve and Costs of hedging reserve

It represents the effective portion of the fair value of forward/option contracts designated as cashflow hedge,

FVTOCI reserve

The Company has elected to recognise changes in the fair value of certain investments in equity securities in other comprehensive income, These changes are accumulated within the FVTOCI reserve within equity,

Capital redemption reserve

As per section 69 of the Companies Act 2013, where a company purchases its own shares out of free reserves or securities premium account, a sum equal to the nominal value of the shares so purchased shall be transferred to the capital redemption reserve account, The capital redemption reserve account may be applied by the company, in paying up unissued shares of the company to be issued to members of the company as fully paid bonus shares,

Share based payment reserve

Share based payment reserve is created as required by Ind AS 102 ‘Share Based Payments' on the employee stock option scheme operated by the Company for its employees,

Treasury shares

The reserve for shares of the Company held by the Bajaj Auto ESOP Trust (ESOP Trust), Company has issued employees stock option scheme for its employees, The equity shares of the Company have been purchased and held by ESOP Trust, Trust to transfer in the name of employees at the time of exercise of option by employees,

ii) Fair value hierarchy

This section explains the judgments and estimates made in determining the fair values of the financial instruments that are (a) recognised and measured at fair value and (b) measured at amortised cost and for which fair values are disclosed in the financial statements. To provide an indication about the reliability of the inputs used in determining fair value, the Company has classified its financial instruments into the three levels prescribed under the accounting standard. An explanation of each level follows underneath the table.

Level 1: Level 1 hierarchy includes financial instruments measured using quoted prices in active markets. Quotes would include rates/values/valuation references published periodically by BSE, NSE etc. basis which trades take place in a linked or unlinked active market. This includes traded bonds and mutual funds, as the case may be, that have quoted price/rate/value.

Level 2: The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market are determined using valuation techniques which maximise the use of observable market data (either directly as prices or indirectly derived from prices) and rely as little as possible on entity-specific estimates. If all significant inputs required to fair value an instrument are observable, the instrument is included in level 2

Level 3: If one or more of the significant inputs is not based on observable market data, the instrument is included in level 3. This is the case for unlisted equity securities, contingent consideration and indemnification asset included in level 3.

Valuation Techniques used to determine fair value

Valuation Techniques used to determine fair value include

• Open ended mutual funds at NAV's/rates declared and/or quoted

• Derivative Instruments at values determined by counter parties/Banks using market observable data.

The Company's activities expose it to credit risk, liquidity risk and market risk (including foreign exchange risk). In order to minimise any adverse effects on the financial performance of the Company, derivative financial instruments such as foreign exchange forward contracts and foreign currency option contracts are entered to hedge certain foreign currency risk exposures. Derivatives are used exclusively for hedging purposes and not as trading or speculative instruments.

The Board of Directors provide guiding principles for overall risk management, as well as policies covering specific areas, such as foreign exchange risk, credit risk, use of derivative financial instruments and non-derivative financial instruments, and investment of available funds. The Company's risk management is carried out by a treasury department as per such policies approved by the Board of Directors. Accordingly, Company's treasury department identifies, evaluates and hedges financial risks.

A) Credit risk

Credit risk refers to the risk that a counterparty may default on its contractual obligations leading to a financial loss to the Company. Credit risk primarily arises from cash and cash equivalents, derivative financial instruments, financial assets measured at amortised cost, financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss and trade receivables. None of the financial instruments of the Company result in material concentration of credit risk.

Credit risk management

For Derivative instruments exposures are extended with multiple banks holding high credit risk ratings.

In regard to Trade receivables, which are typically unsecured, credit risk is managed through credit approvals, establishing credit limits and continuously monitoring the credit worthiness of customers to whom credit is extended in the normal course of business. The Company follows a ‘simplified approach' for recognition of impairment loss allowance on trade receivables. Accordingly, impairment loss allowance is recognised based on lifetime expected credit losses at each reporting date, right from its initial recognition. The provision rates are based on days past due; and the calculation reflects the probability weighted outcome, the time value of money and reasonable and supportable information that is available at the reporting date about past events, current conditions and forecasts of future economic conditions.

For other financial assets, the Company has an investment policy which allows the Company to invest only with counterparties having a credit rating egual to or above AA and A1 , The Company reviews the creditworthiness of these counterparties on an on-going basis. Counter party limits maybe updated as and when reguired, subject to approval of Board of Directors.

B) Liquidity risk

The Company's principal source of liguidity are ‘cash and cash eguivalents' and cash flows that are generated from operations.

The Company believes that its working capital is sufficient to meet the financial liabilities within maturity period. The Company has no outstanding term borrowings except sales tax deferral liability amounting to H 124.23 crore which are interest free and are repayable after 10 years from the Balance Sheet date. Additionally, the Company has invested its surplus funds in fixed income securities or instruments of similar profile thereby ensuring safety of capital and availability of liguidity as and when reguired. Hence the Company carries a negligible liguidity risk.

C) Market risk

(i) Foreign currency risk

The Company has significant exports and is therefore exposed to foreign exchange risk arising from foreign currency transactions, primarily with respect to the USD. Foreign exchange risk arises from highly probable forecast transactions and recognised assets and liabilities denominated in a currency that is not the Company's functional currency (INR). The risk is measured through sensitivity analysis. The primary objective for forex hedging against anticipated foreign currency risks will be to hedge the Company's highly probable foreign currency cash flows arising from such transactions (thus reducing volatility of cash flow and profit).

The Company's risk management policy permits the use of plain foreign exchange forward contracts and foreign currency option contracts including Foreign Currency - INR Option Cost Reduction Structures to hedge forecasted sales.

The Company also imports certain materials the value of which is not material as compared to value of exports. Currently, Company does not hedge this exposure. Nevertheless, Company may wish to hedge such exposures.

The Company uses a combination of foreign currency option contracts and foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure in foreign currency risk. The Company designates forward contracts in entirety and intrinsic value of foreign currency option contracts as the hedging instrument. To the extent these hedges are effective; the change in fair value of the hedging instrument is recognised through other comprehensive income in the 'Cash flow hedging reserve' within equity. The change in time value that relate to the hedged item (aligned time value) is recognised through other comprehensive income in 'Costs of hedging reserve' within equity. Amount recognised in equity is reclassified to profit or loss when the hedged item (i.e. forecasted export sales) affects Statement of Profit and Loss. The ineffective portion of change in fair value of the hedging instrument and any residual time value (the non-aligned portion), if any, is recognised in the statement of profit and loss immediately.

The intrinsic value of foreign exchange option contracts is determined with reference to the relevant spot market exchange rate.

The differential between the contracted strike rate and the spot market exchange rate is defined as the intrinsic value. Time value of the option is the difference between fair value of the option and the intrinsic value.

The Company enters into hedge relationships where the critical terms of the hedging instrument match exactly with the terms of the hedged item, so a Qualitative assessment of effectiveness is performed. During the years ended 31 March 2023 and 31 March 2022, the Company did not have any hedging instruments with terms which were not aligned with those of the hedged items.

Therefore, no ineffectiveness is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the years ended 31 March 2023 and 31 March 2022.

(ii) Other risks

The Company has deployed its surplus funds into various financial instruments including units of mutual funds, bonds, fixed maturity plans, exchange traded funds, index funds etc. The Company is exposed to price risk on such investments, which arises on account of movement in interest rates, liquidity and credit Quality of underlying securities.

The Company has invested its surplus funds primarily in debt based mutual funds and fixed maturity plans. The value of investment in these mutual fund schemes is reflected though Net Asset Value (NAV) declared by the Asset Management Company on daily basis. The Company has not performed a sensitivity analysis on these mutual funds based on estimated fluctuations in their NAV as in management's opinion, such analysis would not display a correct picture.

34 Capital management

a) Objectives, policies and processes of capital management

The Company is cash surplus and has no capital other than Equity, The Company is not exposed to any regulatory imposed capital requirements,

The cash surpluses are currently invested in income generating debt instruments (including through mutual funds) and money market instruments depending on economic conditions in line with the guidelines set out by the Management, Safety of capital is of prime importance to ensure availability of capital for operations, Investment objective is to provide safety and adequate return on the surplus funds,

35 Contingent liabilities

(H In Crore)

>

(/>

Cl)

CO

March

Particulars

2023

2022

a. Claims against the Company not acknowledged as debts

205.04

201.45

b. Excise, Service tax and Customs matters under dispute

341.75

340.72

c. Income tax matters

941.84

899.21

d. Value Added Tax (VAT)/Sales Tax matters under dispute

126.62

142.00

e. Claims made by temporary workmen

Pending before various judicial/appellate authorities in respect of similar matters adjudicated by the Supreme Court. The matter is contingent on the facts and evidence presented before the courts/ adjudicating authorities and not necessarily likely to be influenced by the Supreme Court's order

Liability

unascertained

Liability

unascertained

In all the cases mentioned above, outflow is not probable and hence not provided by the Company.

36 Capital commitments

(H In Crore)

>

(/)

Cl)

CO

March

Particulars

2023

2022

Capital commitments, net of capital advances

169.55

589.55

37 Segment information

Segment information based on consolidated financial statements is given in note 43 to consolidated financial statements, which are attached to these financial statements.

The Company's Core Management Committee (CMC), examines the Group's performance both from a product and geographical perspective and has identified two reportable operative business segments. The Group's significant source of risk and rewards are derived from Automotive business and Investments, the performance of which is reviewed by the committee on a periodic basis and hence considered as individual operative segments.

The business segments comprise the following:

i. Automotive

ii. Investments

iii. Others

38 Employee benefits_

Liability for employee benefits has been determined by an actuary, appointed for the purpose, in conformity with the principles set out in the Indian Accounting Standard 19 the details of which are as hereunder.

Funded schemes

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity payments to employees. The gratuity benefit payable to the employees of the Company is greater of the provisions of the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and the Company's gratuity scheme. Employees who are in continuous service for a period of 5 years are eligible for gratuity. The gratuity plan is a funded plan and the Company makes contributions to approved gratuity fund.

These sensitivities have been calculated to show the movement in defined benefit obligation (DBO) in isolation and assuming there are no other changes in market conditions at the accounting date. There have been no changes from the previous periods in the methods and assumptions used in preparing the sensitivity analyses.

Funding arrangement and policy

The money contributed by the Company to the fund to finance the liabilities of the plan has to be invested.

The trustees of the plan have outsourced the investment management of the fund to insurance companies. The insurance companies in turn manage these funds as per the mandate provided to them by the trustees and the asset allocation which is within the permissible limits prescribed in the insurance regulations.

There is no compulsion on the part of the Company to fully pre fund the liability of the Plan. The Company's philosophy is to fund the benefits based on its own liquidity and tax position as well as level of under funding of the plan.

The expected contribution payable to the plan next year is H 50 crore

40 Lease

As a lessor

The Company has given premises on operating leases. These lease arrangements range for a period between eleven months to nine years and include both cancellable and non cancellable leases. Most of the leases are renewable for further period on mutually agreeable terms and also include escalation clauses.

43 Share based payments (Employee stock option plans)

The Board of Directors at its meeting held on 30 January 2019, approved an Employee Stock Options Scheme CESOS'). Pursuant to the scheme stock options up to a maximum of 0.17% of the then issued equity capital of the Company aggregating to 5,000,000 equity shares of the face value of H 10 each can be issued in a manner provided in the SEBI (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014 as amended. The shareholders of the Company vide their special resolution passed through postal ballot on 11 March 2019 approved the issue of equity shares of the Company under one or more Employee Stock Option Scheme(s).

44 MSME disclosure

Considering the Company has been extended credit period upto 45 days by its vendors and payments being released on a timely

basis, there is no liability towards interest on delayed payments under ‘The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development

Act 2006' during the year. There is also no amount of outstanding interest in this regard, brought forward from previous years.

information in this regard is on basis of intimation received, on reguests made by the Company, with regards to registration of

vendors under the said Act.

45 Miscellaneous

a. There have been no events after the reporting date that reguire disclosure in these financial statements.

b. Amounts less than H 50,000 have been shown at actual against respective line items statutorily reguired to be disclosed.

c. The Company does not have any Benami property, where any proceeding has been initiated or pending against the Company for holding any Benami property.

d. The Company has performed the assessment to identify transactions with struck off companies as at 31 March 2023 and identified no company with any transactions.

e. The Company has not traded or invested in crypto currency or virtual currency during the financial year.

f. The Company has not granted any loans or advances in the nature of loans to promoters, directors, KMPs and the related parties (as defined under the Companies Act, 2013), either severally or jointly with any other person.

g. No funds have been advanced or loaned or invested either from borrowed funds or share premium or any other sources or kind of funds by the Company to or in any other person or entity, including foreign entities (‘intermediaries'), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the intermediary shall, whether, directly or indirectly lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the company (‘Ultimate Beneficiaries') or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries.

h. No funds have been received by the Company from any person or entity, including foreign entities (‘Funding Parties'), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Company shall, whether, directly or indirectly, lend or invest

in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Funding Party (‘Ultimate Beneficiaries') or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries.

i. The Company has not been declared wilful defaulter by any bank or financial institution or Government or any Government authority.

j. The Company has not been sanctioned working capital limits from banks or financial institutions during any point of time of the year on the basis of security of current assets.

k. The Company does not have any transaction which is not recorded in the books of accounts that has been surrendered or disclosed as income during the year in the tax assessments under the income Tax Act, 1961 (such as, search or survey or any other relevant provisions of the income Tax Act, 1961).

l. The Company does not have any charges or satisfaction which is yet to be registered with ROC beyond the statutory period.

m. Figures for previous year/period have been regrouped wherever necessary.