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ICICI BANK LTD.

22 April 2024 | 03:59

Industry >> Finance - Banks - Private Sector

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ISIN No INE090A01021 BSE Code / NSE Code 532174 / ICICIBANK Book Value (Rs.) 299.91 Face Value 2.00
Bookclosure 09/08/2023 52Week High 1117 EPS 48.46 P/E 22.42
Market Cap. 763247.20 Cr. 52Week Low 882 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 3.62 / 0.21 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

AUDITOR'S REPORT

You can view full text of the latest Director's Report for the company.
Year End :2023-03 

ICICI Bank Limited

Report on the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements Opinion

1. We have audited the accompanying standalone financial statements of ICICI Bank Limited (‘the Bank’), which comprise the Standalone Balance Sheet as at 31 March 2023, the Standalone Profit and Loss Account, and Standalone Cash Flow Statement for the year then ended, and notes to the standalone financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information (‘the standalone financial statements’).

2. I n our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information required by the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 as well as the Companies Act, 2013 (‘the Act’) and circulars and guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India (‘RBI’) from time to time (‘RBI Guidelines’) in the manner so required for Banking companies and give a true and fair view in conformity with the Accounting Standards prescribed under section 133 of the Act read with the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021 and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Bank as at 31 March 2023, and its profit, and its cash flows for the year ended on that date.

Basis for Opinion

3. We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (‘SAs’) specified under section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities under those SAs are further described in the ‘Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements’ section of our report. We are independent of the Bank in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (‘ICAI’) together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the standalone financial statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Key Audit Matters

4. Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the standalone financial statements of the current year. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the standalone financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

5. We have determined the matters described below to be the key audit matters to be communicated in our report.

Key Audit Matter

How our audit addressed the Key Audit Matter

Identification and provisioning of non-performing advances (NPA):

Total Loans and Advances (Net of Provision) as at 31 March 2023: ' 10,196,383,053 (in ‘000s) Provision for NPA as at 31 March 2023: ' 248,358,100 (in ‘000s)

(Refer Schedule 9, Schedule 17(3) and Schedule 18(17))

The Reserve Bank of India’s (“RBI”) guidelines on Income recognition and asset classification & Provisioning (“IRAC”) and other circulars and directives issued by the RBI from time to time, which prescribe the prudential norms for identification and

Our audit procedures with respect to this matter included:

Tested the design and operating effectiveness of key controls (including application controls) over approval, recording, monitoring and recovery of loans,

Key Audit Matter

How our audit addressed the Key Audit Matter

classification of performing & non-performing assets (“NPA”) and the minimum provision required for such assets. The Bank is required to have Board approved policy as per IRAC guidelines for NPA identification & classification of advances and provision thereon.

The provision on NPA is estimated based on ageing and classification of NPAs, recovery estimates, nature of loan product, value of security and other qualitative factors and is subject to the minimum provisioning norms specified by RBI and approved policy of the Bank in this regard.

The Bank is also required to apply its judgement to determine the identification and provision required against NPAs by applying quantitative as well as qualitative factors. The risk of identification of NPAs is affected by factors like stress and liquidity concerns in certain sectors.

Additionally, the Bank makes provisions on exposures that are not classified as NPA including advances to certain sectors and identified advances or group advances. These are classified as contingency provisions.

Since the identification of NPAs and provisioning for advances require significant level of estimation and given its significance to the overall audit including possible observation by RBI which could result into disclosure in the financial statements, we have ascertained identification and provisioning for NPAs as a key audit matter.

monitoring overdue / stressed accounts, identification of NPA, provision for NPA and valuation of security and collateral on a test check basis. Further obtained an understanding of the contingency provision carried by the Bank and verified the underlying assumptions used by the Bank for such estimate.

Tested application controls included test of automated controls, reports and system reconciliations.

Reviewed existence and effectiveness of monitoring mechanisms such as Internal Audit, Systems Audit, and Concurrent Audit as per the policies and procedures of the Bank;

Evaluated the governance process and review controls over calculations of provision of non-performing advances, basis of provisioning in accordance with the Board approved policy.

Selected a sample of borrowers based on quantitative and qualitative risk factors for their assessment of appropriate identification & classification as NPA including computation of overdue ageing to assess its correct classification and provision amount as per extant IRAC norms and the Bank policy.

Performed other substantive procedures included and not limited to the following:

> Selected samples of performing loans and assessed independently as to whether those should be classified as NPA;

> For samples selected, reviewed the collateral valuations, financial statements and other qualitative information

> Considered the accounts reported by the Bank and other Banks as Special Mention Accounts (“SMA”) in RBI’s Central Repository of Information on Large Credits (CRILC) to identify stress.

> For selected samples, assessed independently, the accounts that can potentially be classified as NPA and Red flagged accounts.

> 1 nquired with the credit and risk departments to ascertain if there were indicators of stress or an occurrence of an event of default in a particular loan account or any product category which needed to be considered as NPA.

Key Audit Matter

How our audit addressed the Key Audit Matter

> Examined the accounts under watchlist report provided by the risk department.

> Discussed with the management of the Bank on sectors where there is a perceived credit risk and the steps taken to mitigate the risks to identified sectors.

> Selected and tested samples for accounts which are restructured as per RBI Master Circular -Prudential norms on Income Recognition, Asset Classification and Provisioning pertaining to Advances; and

> Assessed appropriateness & the adequacy of disclosures against the relevant accounting standards and RBI requirements relating to NPAs.

Evaluation of Litigations included in contingent liabilities.

(Included under contingent liabilities) (in ‘000)

Particulars

As at 31 March 2023

As at 31 March 2022

Legal Cases

3,027,295

3,201,365

Taxes

78,935,723

79,637,364

Total Claims against Bank not acknowledged as Debt

81,963,017

82,838,729

(Refer Schedule 12 I, Schedule 17(12) and Schedule 18(36))

The Bank has material open tax litigations including matters under dispute which involve significant judgement to determine the possible outcome of these disputes.

Significant management judgement is needed in determining whether an obligation exists and whether a provision should be recognised as at the reporting date, in accordance with the accounting criteria set under Accounting Standard 29 - Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets (‘AS 29’), or whether it needs to be disclosed as a contingent liability. Further, significant judgements are also involved in measuring such obligations, the most significant of which are:

> Assessment of Liability: Judgement is involved in determination of whether outflow in respect of identified material matters are probable and can be estimated reliably.

Our Audit procedures with respect to this matter included:

Tested the design and operating effectiveness of the Bank’s key controls over the estimation, monitoring and disclosure of provisions and contingent liabilities on test check basis.

Our substantive audit procedures included and were not limited to the following:

> Obtained an understanding of Bank’s process for determining tax liabilities, tax provisions and contingent liabilities pertaining to legal and taxation matters;

> Obtained a list of cases /matters in respect of which the litigations were outstanding as at reporting date:

Key Audit Matter

How our audit addressed the Key Audit Matter

> Adequacy of provisions: The appropriateness of assumption and judgements used in estimation of significant provisions; and

> Adequacy of disclosures of provision for liabilities and charges, and contingent liabilities.

The Bank’s assessment is supported by the facts of matter, their own judgement, experience, and advises from legal and independent tax consultants wherever considered necessary.

Since the assessment of these open litigations requires significant level of judgement in interpretation of law, we have included this as a key audit matter.

• For significant legal matters, we obtained external confirmations and corroborated with management’s documented conclusions on the assessment of outstanding litigations against the Bank;

• For significant taxation matters, we involved our tax specialists to gain an understanding of status of the litigations including understanding of various orders/ notices received by the Bank and management’s grounds of appeals before the relevant appellate authorities.

> Evaluated the merit of the subject matter under consideration with reference to the grounds presented therein and available independent legal / tax advice;

> Inquired with appropriate level of the management including status update, expectation of outcomes with the basis, and the future course of action contemplated by the Bank;

> Reviewed minutes of meetings with Board, and Audit committee in this regard

> Agreed underlying tax balances to supporting documentation including correspondence with the Tax authorities; and

> Assessed the appropriateness & adequacy of disclosures within the standalone financial statements in accordance with the applicable accounting standards and requirements of RBI in this regard.

Key Audit Matter

How our audit addressed the Key Audit Matter

Information Technology (‘IT') systems and controls impacting financial controls.

The Bank has a complex IT architecture to support its day-to-day business operations. High volume of transactions is processed and recorded on single or multiple applications.

The reliability and security of IT systems plays a key role in the business operations of the Bank. Since large volume of transactions are processed daily, the IT controls are required to ensure that applications process data as expected and that changes are made in an appropriate manner.

Our Audit procedures with respect to this matter included:

For testing the IT general controls, application controls and IT dependent manual controls, we involved IT specialists as part of the audit. The team also assisted in testing the accuracy of the information produced by the Bank’s IT systems.

Obtained a comprehensive understanding of IT applications landscape implemented at the Bank. It was followed by process understanding, mapping of applications to the same and understanding financial risks posed by people-process and technology.

Appropriate IT general controls and application controls are required to ensure that such IT systems are able to process the data, as required, completely, accurately and consistently for reliable financial reporting.

We have identified ‘IT systems and controls’ as key audit matter because of the high level automation, significant number of systems being used by the management and the complexity of the IT architecture and its impact on the financial reporting system.

Key IT audit procedures includes testing design and operating effectiveness of key controls operating over user access management (which includes user access provisioning, de-provisioning, access review, password configuration review, segregation of duties and privilege access), change management (which include change release in production environment are compliant to the defined procedures and segregation of environment is ensured), program development (which include review of data migration activity), computer operations (which includes testing of key controls pertaining to, backup, Batch processing (including interface testing), incident management and data centre security), System interface controls. This included testing that requests for access to systems were appropriately logged, reviewed, and authorized.

In addition to the above, the design and operating effectiveness of certain automated controls, that were considered as key internal system controls over financial reporting were tested. Using various techniques such as inquiry, review of documentation / record / reports, observation, and re-performance. We also tested few controls using negative testing technique.

Tested compensating controls and performed alternate procedures, where necessary. In addition, understood where relevant changes made to the IT landscape during the audit period.

Key Audit Matter

How our audit addressed the Key Audit Matter

Valuation of Derivatives

(Included under contingent liabilities) (in ‘000)

Particulars

As at 31 March 2023

As at 31 March 2022

Notional amounts

40,984,024,707

37,056,016,613

(Refer Schedule 12.111, 12.VI, 12.VII and 18(14))

Derivatives are valued through models with external inputs. The derivatives portfolio of the Bank primarily includes transactions which are carried out on behalf of its clients (and are covered on a back-to-back basis) and transactions to hedge the Bank’s interest and foreign currency risk.

Our audit procedures included, but were not limited to, the following:

We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design, and tested the operating effectiveness of the key controls over the valuation processes, including:

> independent price verification performed by a management expert; and model governance and validation.

A significant degree of management judgement is involved in the application of valuation techniques through which the value of the Bank’s derivatives is determined. The financial statement risk arises particularly with respect to complex valuation models, valuation parameters, and inputs that are used in determining fair values.

Considering the significance of the above matter to the financial statements, significant management estimates and judgements, and auditor attention required to test such estimates and judgements, we have identified this as a key audit matter for current year audit.

On a sample basis, we performed an independent reassessment of the valuation of derivatives and evaluated significant models and methodologies used in valuation, to ensure compliance with the relevant RBI regulations, reasonableness of the valuation methodology and the inputs used.

Information Other than the Standalone Financial Statements and Auditor’s Report Thereon

6. The Bank’s Board of Directors are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the Annual Report but does not include the standalone financial statements and our auditor’s report thereon. The Annual Report is expected to be made available to us after the date of this auditor’s report.

Our opinion on the standalone financial statements does not cover the other information and we will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above when it becomes available and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the standalone financial statements, or knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

When we read the Annual Report, if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance and take appropriate action as applicable under the relevant laws and regulations.

Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with Governance for the Standalone Financial Statements

7. The Bank’s Board of Directors are responsible for the matters stated in section 134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation and presentation of these standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view of the financial position, financial performance, and cash flows of the Bank in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Act, read with the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021, and provisions of Section 29 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and circulars and guidelines issued by the RBI from time to time (‘RBI Guidelines’). This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act and the RBI Guidelines for safeguarding of the assets of the Bank and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the standalone financial statement that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

8. In preparing the standalone financial statements, Board of Directors are responsible for assessing the Bank’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the Board of Directors either intend to liquidate the Bank or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

9. The Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Bank’s financial reporting process.

Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements

10. Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the standalone financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.

11. As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control;

• Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)(i) of the Act, we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the Bank has adequate internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls;

• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the Management;

• Conclude on the appropriateness of the Management’s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Bank’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the standalone financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Bank to cease to continue as a going concern;

• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the standalone financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the standalone1 financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

12. We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

13. We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

14. From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statements of the current year, and are therefore, the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor’s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements

15. The Balance Sheet and the Profit and Loss Account have been drawn up in accordance with the provisions of Section 29 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and Section 133 of the Act and the relevant rules issued thereunder.

16. As required by sub-section (3) of section 30 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, we report that:

a. We have obtained all the information and explanations which, to the best of our knowledge and belief, were necessary for the purpose of our audit and have found them to be satisfactory;

b. The transactions of the Bank, which have come to our notice, have been within the powers of the Bank.

c. Since the key operations of the Bank are automated with the key applications integrated to the core banking system, the audit is carried out centrally as all the necessary records and data required for the purposes of our audit are available therein. We have visited 156 branches to examine the records maintained at the branches for the purpose of our audit.

17. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act, we report that:

a. We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit;

b. In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Bank so far as it appears from our examination of those books;

c. The Balance Sheet, the Profit and Loss Account and the Cash Flow Statement dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account;

d. In our opinion, the aforesaid standalone financial statements comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act read with relevant rules issued thereunder, to the extent they are not inconsistent with the accounting policies prescribed by the RBI;

e. On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on 31 March 2023 taken on record by the Board of Directors, none of the directors are disqualified as on 31 March 2023 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164(2) of the Act;

f. With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements of the Bank and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in "Annexure A”; and

g. With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor’s Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014 (as amended), in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:

i. The Bank has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financial position in its standalone financial statements (Refer Schedule 12, Schedule 17(12) and Schedule 18(41));

ii. The Bank has made provision, as required under the applicable law or accounting standards, for material foreseeable losses, if any, on long-term contracts including derivative contracts ((Refer Schedule 17(12) and Schedule 18(41));

iii. There has been no delay in transferring amounts, required to be transferred, to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Bank during the year ended 31 March 2023;

iv. (1) The Management has represented that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, as disclosed in

schedule 18(57) to the standalone financial statements, no funds have been advanced or loaned or invested (either from borrowed funds or share premium or any other sources or kind of funds) by the Bank to or in any other person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities (‘Intermediaries’), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Intermediary shall, whether directly or indirectly lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Bank ("Ultimate Beneficiaries”) or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries;

(2) The Management has represented that, to the best of it’s knowledge and belief, as disclosed in schedule 18(57) to the standalone financial statements, no funds have been received by the Bank from any person(s)/entity(ies), including foreign entities ("Funding Parties”), that the Bank has directly or indirectly, lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Funding Party ("Ultimate Beneficiaries”) or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries; and

(3) Based on such audit procedures performed, as considered reasonable and appropriate in the circumstances, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the management representations under sub-clauses (1) and (2) above contain any material misstatement.

v. The Bank has declared and paid dividend during the year which is in compliance with section 123 of the Act and the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

vi. As the proviso to Rule 3(1) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (as amended), which provides for the accounting software used by the Bank for maintaining its books of account to have the feature for recording of audit trail (edit log) facility and related matters, is applicable for the Bank only with effect from financial year beginning 1 April 2023, the reporting under clause (g) of Rule 11 is currently not applicable.

h. With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor’s Report in accordance with the requirements of Section 197(16) of the Act, as amended, the Bank is a banking Company as defined under Banking Regulation Act, 1949. Accordingly, the requirements prescribed under Section 197 of the Act do not apply.

For M S K A & Associates For KKC & Associates LLP

Chartered Accountants Chartered Accountants

ICAI Firm Registration No.105047W (Formerly Khimji Kunverji & Co LLP)

ICAI Firm Registration No.105146W/W100621

Tushar Kurani Gautam Shah

Partner Partner

Membership Number.: 118580 Membership Number.: 117348

UDIN: 23118580BGXROY2671 UDIN: 23117348BGSZHO1617

Place: Mumbai Place: Mumbai

Date: 22 April 2023 Date: 22 April 2023