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MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA LTD.

12 July 2024 | 12:00

Industry >> Auto - Cars & Jeeps

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ISIN No INE101A01026 BSE Code / NSE Code 500520 / M&M Book Value (Rs.) 530.40 Face Value 5.00
Bookclosure 31/07/2024 52Week High 3014 EPS 90.62 P/E 29.84
Market Cap. 336243.98 Cr. 52Week Low 1416 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 5.10 / 0.78 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

AUDITOR'S REPORT

You can view full text of the latest Director's Report for the company.
Year End :2024-03 

Mahindra & Mahindra Limited

Report on the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements

Opinion

We have audited the standalone financial statements of Mahindra & Mahindra Limited (the “Company") which comprise the standalone balance sheet as at 31 March 2024, and the standalone statement of profit and loss (including other comprehensive income), standalone statement of changes in equity and standalone statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the standalone financial statements, including material accounting policies and other explanatory information.

In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information required by the Companies Act, 2013 (“Act") in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Company as at 31 March 2024, and its profit and other comprehensive income, changes in equity and its cash flows for the year ended on that date.

Basis for Opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified under Section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities under those SAs are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the standalone financial statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion on the standalone financial statements.

Key Audit Matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the standalone financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

Impairment assessment of certain long-term investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates

See Note 2(d)(iv) to standalone financial statements

The key audit matter

How the matter was addressed in our audit

The Company has long-term investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates (collectively “the investments") aggregating Rs. 21,549 crores as at 31 March 2024.

The Company records the investments at cost less any provision for impairment loss. Changes in business environment, including market or economic environment, geopolitical situations and general inflationary trends could have a significant impact on the valuation of certain investments. Investments where an indication based on these factors exists, are tested for impairment at the end of the reporting period.

The Company determines the recoverable value of such investments and compares it to its carrying amount to determine impairment loss. The recoverable value is determined basis following key assumptions:

•    projected future cash inflows;

•    expected growth rate; discount rate; terminal growth rate;

•    comparison of price and market multiples

The recoverable amount, which is the higher of the market value or Value In Use (VIU) or fair value less cost of disposal of such investments (FVLCS), is estimated and the impairment loss, if any, is recognised in the statement of profit and loss and carrying amount of investments is reduced to its recoverable amount. The impairment test is considered to be a key audit matter considering the significant judgements required in determining the key assumptions.

Our audit procedures included:

•    Assessed the design, implementation and operating effectiveness of key controls in respect of the Company’s impairment assessment process, including the approval of forecasts and valuation models;

•    Obtained an understanding of various external factors impacting the recoverable value of the respective investment as at the end of the reporting period;

•    Involved valuation specialists, as applicable, to evaluate the appropriateness of the valuation models used, assumptions such as the discount rates used in VIU calculations and comparable companies considered in the FVLCS model;

•    Tested the key VIU assumptions used in estimating future cash flows such as revenue volumes and prices, operating costs, inflation and growth rates by comparing these inputs with externally derived data, past performances, consistency with the Board approved investment plans and knowledge of the industry;

•    Evaluated past performance where relevant, and assessed historical accuracy of the forecast produced by management; and

•    Assessed the adequacy of disclosures on key judgements, assumptions and quantitative data with respect to impairment losses.

Impairment assessment of intangible assets currently under development in the Automotive cash generating unit

See Note 2(g) to standalone financial statements

The key audit matter

How the matter was addressed in our audit

The Company has identified its Automotive business segment as a separate cash generating unit ('Auto CGU'). The Company holds intangible assets under development and tests its cash generating units ('Auto CGU') for impairment at least annually.

For the purpose of the impairment test, the Company determines recoverable value of the Auto CGU which is the higher of Value In Use (VIU) or Fair Value Less Cost of Disposal (FVLCS). The recoverable value is dependent on certain assumptions and estimates of future performance and management's plans for continuation of the projects.

On discontinuing individual projects under development, an impairment loss relating to the specific project is recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Changes in business environment, including market or economic environment, geopolitical situations and general inflationary trends could have a significant impact on the valuation of the Auto CGU and management's plan for specific projects under development. This annual impairment test is considered to be a key audit matter considering the significant judgements required in determining the key assumptions.

Our audit procedures included:

•    Tested the design, implementation and operating effectiveness of key controls in respect of the Company's impairment assessment process, including the approval of forecasts and valuation models;

•    Involved valuation specialists as applicable, to evaluate the appropriateness of the valuation models including assumptions such as the discount rates used in VIU calculations;

•    Tested the key VIU assumptions used in estimating future cash flows such as revenue volumes and prices, operating costs, inflation and growth rates by comparing these inputs with externally derived data, past performances, consistency with the Board approved investment plans and knowledge of the industry;

•    Evaluated past performance where relevant, and assessed historical accuracy of the forecast produced by management; and

•    Evaluated the stage of development of the intangible assets, judgments used for expected probable economic benefits and associated expenditures, management plans for continuation of projects and their assessment of feasibility of the projects.

Other Information

The Company's Management and Board of Directors are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the annual report, but does not include the financial statements and auditor's report thereon. The annual report is expected to be made available to us after the date of this auditor's report.

Our opinion on the standalone financial statements does not cover the other information and we will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above when it becomes available and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the standalone financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

When we read the annual report, if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance and take necessary actions, as applicable under the relevant laws and regulations.

Management's and Board of Directors' Responsibilities for the Standalone Financial Statements

The Company's Management and Board of Directors are responsible for the matters stated in Section 134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation of these standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view of the state of affairs, profit / loss and other comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) specified under Section 133 of the Act. This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the standalone financial statements, the Management and Board of Directors are responsible for assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the Board of Directors either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

The Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Company's financial reporting process.

Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the standalone financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.

As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

•    Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.

•    Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under Section 143(3)(i) of the Act, we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the company has adequate internal financial controls with reference to financial statements in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls.

•    Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the Management and Board of Directors.

•    Conclude on the appropriateness of the Management and Board of Directors use of the going concern basis of accounting in preparation of standalone financial statements and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the standalone financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.

•    Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the standalone financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the standalone financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements

1.    As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order, 2020 ("the Order") issued by the Central Government of India in terms of Section 143(11) of the Act, we give in the "Annexure A" a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order, to the extent applicable.

2.    A. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act, we report that:

a.    We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit.

b.    In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as it appears from our examination of those books except for the matter stated in the paragraph 2(B)(f) below on reporting under Rule 11(g) of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014.

c.    The standalone balance sheet, the standalone statement of profit and loss (including other comprehensive income), the standalone statement of changes in equity and the standalone statement of cash flows dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account.

d.    In our opinion, the aforesaid standalone financial statements comply with the Ind AS specified under Section 133 of the Act.

e.    On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on 01 April 2024 taken on record by the Board of Directors, none of the directors is disqualified as on 31 March 2024 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164(2) of the Act.

f.    The modification relating to the maintenance of accounts and other matters connected therewith are as stated in the paragraph 2(A)(b) above on reporting under Section 143(3)(b) and paragraph 2(B)(f) below on reporting under Rule 11(g) of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014.

g.    With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference to financial statements of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in "Annexure B".

B.    With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor's Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:

a.    The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations as at 31 March 2024 on its financial position in its standalone financial statements - Refer Note 46 to the standalone financial statements.

b.    The Company has made provision, as required under the applicable law or accounting standards, for material foreseeable losses, if any, on long-term contracts including derivative contracts - Refer Note 41 to the standalone financial statements.

c.    There has been no delay in transferring amounts, required to be transferred, to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company.

d.    (i) The management has represented that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, other than as disclosed in the Note 44 to

the standalone financial statements, no funds have been advanced or loaned or invested (either from borrowed funds or share premium or any other sources or kind of funds) by the Company to or in any other person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities ("Intermediaries"), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Intermediary shall directly or indirectly lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Company ("Ultimate Beneficiaries") or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries.

(ii)    The management has represented that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, no funds have been received by the Company from any person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities ("Funding Parties"), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Company shall directly or indirectly, lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Funding Parties ("Ultimate Beneficiaries") or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries.

(iii)    Based on the audit procedures performed that have been considered reasonable and appropriate in the circumstances, nothing has come to our notice that has caused us to believe that the representations under sub-clause (i) and (ii) of Rule 11(e), as provided under (i) and (ii) above, contain any material misstatement.

e.    The final dividend paid by the Company during the year, in respect of the same declared for the previous year, is in accordance with Section 123 of the Act to the extent it applies to payment of dividend.

As stated in Note 18 to the standalone financial statements, the Board of Directors of the Company has proposed final dividend for the year which is subject to the approval of the members at the ensuing Annual General Meeting. The dividend declared is in accordance with Section 123 of the Act to the extent it applies to declaration of dividend.

f.    Based on our examination which included test checks, the Company has used accounting software for maintaining its books of account which has a feature of recording audit trail (edit log) facility and the same has operated throughout the year for all relevant transactions recorded in the respective software except that the audit trail was not enabled at the database level to log any direct data changes for such accounting software used for maintaining the books of account. Further, where audit trail (edit log) facility was enabled and operated throughout the year for the accounting software, we did not come across any instance of the audit trail feature being tampered with.

C.    With respect to the matter to be included in the Auditor's Report under Section 197(16) of the Act:

In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the remuneration paid by the Company to its directors during the current year is in accordance with the provisions of Section 197 of the Act. The remuneration paid to any director is not in excess of the limit laid down under Section 197 of the Act. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has not prescribed other details under Section 197(16) of the Act which are required to be commented upon by us.

For B S R & Co. LLP

Chartered Accountants Firm’s Registration No. 101248W/W-100022

Venkataramanan Vishwanath

Partner

Place: Bengaluru    Membership No. 113156

Date: 16 May, 2024    ICAI UDIN: 24113156BKGFOM5032