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COLGATE-PALMOLIVE (INDIA) LTD.

11 August 2022 | 12:00

Industry >> Personal Care

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ISIN No INE259A01022 BSE Code / NSE Code 500830 / COLPAL Book Value (Rs.) 63.78 Face Value 1.00
Bookclosure 28/07/2022 52Week High 1753 EPS 39.65 P/E 39.75
Market Cap. 42863.58 Cr. 52Week Low 1376 P/BV / Div Yield (%) 24.71 / 2.54 Market Lot 1.00
Security Type Other

ACCOUNTING POLICY

You can view the entire text of Accounting Policy of the company for the latest year.
Year End :2022-03 

IA. CORPORATE INFORMATION:

Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited is a subsidiary of Colgate-Palmolive, USA and a listed Company in India. The Company was incorporated on September 23, 1937 under the provisions of The Companies Act. The registered office of the company is located at Colgate Research Center, Main street, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, Mumbai - 400076. Its shares are listed on two recognized stock exchanges in India. The Company is engaged in manufacturing/trading of toothpaste, tooth powder, toothbrush, mouthwash and personal care products.

These financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2022 were approved by the Board of Directors on May 26, 2022.

IB. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.

(a) Basis of preparation

i. Compliance with Ind AS

The financial statements comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 (as amended from time to time) and presentation requirements of Division II of Schedule III to Companies Act, 2013, (Ind AS Compliant Schedule III), as applicable to financial statements.

The financial statements are presented in INR and all values are rounded to the nearest lakhs (INR 00,000), except when otherwise indicated.

ii. Historical Cost Convention

These financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except as disclosed in the accounting policies below:

• Certain financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value;

• Defined Benefit Plans - plan assets measured at fair value;

• Share-Based payments; and

• Assets held for sale - measured at lower of cost and fair value less costs to sell

iii. Current versus Non-current classification

The Company presents assets and liabilities in the balance sheet based on current/ non-current classification. An asset is treated as current when it is:

• Expected to be realized or intended to be sold or consumed in normal operating cycle

• Held primarily for the purpose of trading

• Expected to be realized within twelve months after the reporting period, or

• Cash or cash equivalent unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is current when:

• It is expected to be settled in normal operating cycle

• It is held primarily for the purpose of trading

• It is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period, or

• There is no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period

The Company classifies all other liabilities as noncurrent.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current assets and liabilities.

Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current / non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

(b) Foreign currency translation

i. Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of the Company are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (‘the functional currency’). The financial statements are presented in

Estimated useful lives, residual values and depreciation methods are reviewed annually, taking into account commercial and technological obsolescence as well as normal wear and tear and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

Indian currency (INR), which is the Company’s functional and presentation currency.

ii. Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Realized gains and losses on settlement of foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates, and the resultant exchange difference is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

(c) Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items including capital spares which are identified as a part of property, plant and equipment.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognized when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

An item of property, plant and equipment and any significant part initially recognized is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is included in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

Capital Work-In-Progress

Cost and direct expenses incurred for construction of assets or assets to be acquired, which are not ready to use in the manner intended by the management are disclosed under Capital Work- In-Progress.

Depreciation methods, estimated useful lives and residual value

The useful lives of the assets are based on technical estimates approved by the Management, and are lower than or same as the useful lives prescribed under schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 in order to reflect the period over which depreciable assets are expected to be used by the Company. Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis on the straight line method so as to write-down the cost of property, plant and equipment to its residual value systematically over its estimated useful life based on useful life of the assets as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in case of following assets, wherein based on internal assessment and technical evaluation, a different useful life has been determined.

Asset Class

Useful Life

Residential and Office Buildings

40 years

Factory Buildings

20 years

Plant and Equipment

7 to 15 years

Dies and Moulds (included in Plant and Equipment)

3 years

Furniture and Fixtures

5 years

Office Equipment (including Computer Servers)

5 years

(d) LeasesAs a Lessee

The Company assesses whether a contract is or contains a lease, at inception of a contract. A contract is, or contains, a lease if the contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. To assess whether a contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset, the Company assesses whether:

(i) the contract involves the use of an identified asset

(ii) the Company has substantially all of the economic benefits from use of the asset through the period of the lease and

(iii) the Company has the right to direct the use of the asset.

At the commencement date of a lease, the Company recognizes a liability to make lease payments (i.e., the lease liability) and an asset representing the right to use the underlying asset during the lease term (i.e., the right-of-use asset). Right-of-use assets are measured at cost, less any accumulated depreciation, impairment losses and adjusted for any re-measurement of lease liabilities. The cost of right-of-use assets includes the amount of lease liabilities recognized and lease payments made at or before the commencement date. Right-of-use assets are depreciated on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the lease term and the estimated useful lives of the assets. If ownership of the leased asset transfers to the Company at the end of the lease term or the cost reflects the exercise of a purchase option, depreciation is calculated using the estimated useful life of the asset.

The Company recognizes lease liabilities measured at the present value of lease payments to be made over the lease term. The lease payments also include the exercise price of a purchase option reasonably certain to be exercised by the Company. In calculating the present value of lease payments, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate at the lease commencement date.

After the commencement date, the amount of lease liabilities is increased to reflect the accretion of interest and reduced for the lease payments made. In addition, the carrying amount of lease liabilities is re-measured if there is a modification or a change in the lease term. The Company separately recognizes the interest expense on the lease liability as finance cost and the depreciation expense on the right-of-use asset.

The Company accounts for a lease modification as a separate lease when both of the following conditions are met:

• The modification increases the scope of the lease by adding the right to use one or more underlying assets.

• The consideration for the lease increases commensurate with the standalone price for the increase in scope and any adjustments to that stand-alone price reflects the circumstances of the particular contract.

For a lease modification that fully or partially decreases the scope of the lease the Company decreases the carrying amount of the right-of-use asset to reflect partial or full termination of the lease. Any difference between those adjustments is recognized in profit or loss at the effective date of the modification.

The Company has elected to use the exemptions proposed by the standard on lease contracts for which the lease terms ends within 12 months as of the date of initial application, and lease contracts for which the underlying asset is of low value which is considered to be ' 3.5 Lakhs.

As a Lessor

Leases in which the Company does not transfer substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset are classified as operating leases. Rental income arising is accounted for on a straight-line basis over the lease terms. Initial direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease are added to the carrying amount of the leased asset and recognized over the lease term on the same basis as rental income. Contingent rents

are recognized as revenue in the period in which they are earned.

(e) Investment property

Property that is held for long-term rental yields or for capital appreciation or both, and that is not occupied by the Company, is classified as investment property. Investment property is measured initially at its cost, including related transaction costs and where applicable borrowing costs. Subsequent expenditure is capitalized to the asset’s carrying amount only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the expenditure will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance costs are expensed when incurred. Investment properties are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives which are 40 years.

Though the Company measures investment property using cost based measurement, the fair value of investment property is disclosed in the notes. Fair values are determined based on an annual evaluation performed by an accredited external independent valuer.

Investment properties are derecognized either when they have been disposed of or when they are permanently withdrawn from use and no future economic benefit is expected from their disposal. The difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset is recognized in profit or loss in the period of de-recognition.

(f) Intangible assets

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Amortization

Intangible assets comprise Goodwill, Trademarks, Copyright and Technical Know-how. Intangible assets (other than Goodwill) are amortized over the useful life of assets, not exceeding 10 years. The estimated useful life and amortization methods are reviewed at the end of each

annual reporting period, with the effect of any changes in the estimate being accounted for on a prospective basis.

Expenditure on research is recognized as an expense when it is incurred. Development costs of products are also charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss unless all the criteria for capitalization have been met by the Company. Development expenditures on an individual project are recognized as an intangible asset when the Company can demonstrate:

• The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that the asset will be available for use or sale

• Its intention to complete and its ability and intention to use or sell the asset

• How the asset will generate future economic benefits

• The availability of resources to complete the asset

• The ability to measure reliably the expenditure during development

(g) Impairment of non-financial assets

At each balance sheet date, the Company reviews whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of its assets other than inventory and deferred tax. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is determined as higher of the asset’s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash generating unit). Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in the prior accounting period may no longer exist or may have decreased. An impairment loss is reversed to the extent that the assets carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined if no impairment loss had previously been recognized.

(h) Inventories

Inventories of raw and packing materials, stores, work-in-progress, finished goods and stock in trade are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

- Cost is determined using standard cost method that approximates actual cost.

- Cost of work-in-progress and finished goods includes materials, labour and manufacturing overheads and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

Spares that do not qualify to be recognized as Property, Plant and Equipment are included in stores and spares.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(i) Trade Receivables

Trade receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost net of any expected credit losses, if any. The company provides for expected credit loss using simplified approach based on the probability of defaults which are possible over the lifetime of assets.

(j) Cash and Cash equivalents

For the purpose of presentation in the Statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks and other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

(k) Financial Assets:

i. Initial recognition and measurement

All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value plus transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset, except in the case of financial assets not recorded at fair value through profit or loss. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed through the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Subsequent measurement

For purposes of subsequent measurement, the Company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

• those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through profit or loss), and

• those measured at amortized cost.

The classification depends on the entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows. For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will either be recorded in the Statement of Profit and Loss or other comprehensive income. For investments in debt instruments, this will depend on the business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether the Company has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at fair value through other comprehensive income.

Debt instruments

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the Company’s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. There are three measurement categories into which the Company classifies its debt instruments: Amortized cost

Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortized cost. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at amortized cost is recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss when the asset is derecognized or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method.

Fair value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI)

Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, where the assets cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI). Movements in the carrying amount are taken through OCI, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses, interest revenue and foreign exchange gains and losses which are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. When the financial asset is derecognized, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from equity to Statement of Profit and Loss. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate method.

Fair value through Profit or Loss (FVTPL)

Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortized cost or FVOCI are measured at fair value through profit or loss. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at fair value through Profit or Loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which it arises. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income.

ii. Derecognition

A financial asset is derecognized only when:

• the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset have expired, or

• the Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows to one or more recipient

Where the entity has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognized. Where the entity has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not derecognized.

Where the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognized if the company has not retained control of the financial asset. Where the Company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognized to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset. Expected credit losses are recognized for all financial assets subsequent to initial recognition.

(l) Financial Liabilities

i. Classification as liability or equity

Financial liabilities and equity instruments issued by the Company are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.

ii. Initial recognition and measurement Financial liabilities are recognized when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. Financial liabilities are initially measured at the amortized cost unless at initial recognition, they are classified as fair value through profit or loss.

iii. Subsequent measurement

Financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method. Financial liabilities carried at fair value through profit or loss is measured at fair value with all changes in fair value recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iv. Derecognition

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expires.

Trade and other payables These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the Company prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid. The amounts are usually unsecured. Trade and other payables are presented as current liabilities unless payment is not due within twelve months after the reporting period. They are recognized initially at their fair value.

Provisions

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as an interest expense.

Contingent Liability

A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(m) Revenue from operations i. Sale of goods

The Company’s revenue contracts represent a single performance obligation to sell its products to trade customers. Sales are recorded at the time control of the products is transferred to trade customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for the products. Control is the ability of trade customers to direct the use of and obtain the benefit from our products. In evaluating the timing of the transfer of control of products to trade customers, the Company considers transfer of significant risks and rewards of products and the probability of flowing of future economic benefit to the Entity as per the terms of the Contract which usually coincide with the delivery of the goods.

Sales are recognized at the fair value of the

consideration that can be reliably measured and reduced by variable consideration. Variable consideration includes sales returns, trade discounts, volume based incentives, and cost of promotional programs, indirect taxes as may be applicable.

The Company provides volume based incentives to certain customers once the quantity of products purchased during the period exceeds a threshold specified in the contract. Incentives are offset against amounts payable by the customer. To estimate & recognize a liability for the incentives, the Company applies methods which best predicts the amount of incentive and is primarily driven by the number of volume thresholds contained in the contract. The volume incentive is estimated at contract inception and recognized when it is highly probable that significant revenue reversal will not occur. Company’s contracts with trade customers do not have significant financing components or non-cash consideration and the Company does not have unbilled revenue or significant amounts of prepayments from customers.

The company pays sales commission to its employees for contract that they obtain for sales of goods and immediately expensed out sales commissions (included under employee benefits).

Contract balances Contract liabilities

A contract liability is the obligation to transfer goods or services to a customer for which the Company has received consideration (or an amount of consideration is due) from the customer. If a customer pays consideration before the Company transfers goods or services to the customer, a contract liability is recognized when the payment is made or the payment is due (whichever is earlier). Contract liabilities are recognized as revenue when the Company performs its obligation to transfer goods or services under the contract.

ii. Service Income

Service Income is recognized on cost plus basis as per the terms of the contract with customers,

as and when the service is performed.

iii. Interest income

Interest income from debt instruments is recognized using the effective interest rate method. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the gross carrying amount of a financial asset. When calculating the effective interest rate, the Company estimates the expected cash flows by considering all the contractual terms of the financial instrument but does not consider the expected credit losses.

iv. Rental income

Rental income from operating leases where the Company is a lessor is recognized in income on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless the receipts are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increases. The respective leased assets are included in the balance sheet based on their nature.

v. Government Grant

Government grants are recognized where there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received, and all attached conditions will be complied with. When the grant relates to an expense item, it is recognized as income on a systematic basis over the periods that the related costs, for which it is intended to compensate, are expensed. Ind AS 20 permits the grant to be recognized in profit or loss. The Company has chosen to present grants related to an expense item as other operating income in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(n) Employee Benefits i. Short Term Employee Benefits

Liabilities for salaries, wages and performance incentives including non-monetary benefits that are expected to be settled wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in respect of employees services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. The liabilities

are presented as current employee benefits

obligations in the Balance Sheet.

ii. Long Term Employee Benefits

• Defined Contribution Plans

Provident Fund, Superannuation Fund and Employee’s State Insurance:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for its employees such as Provident Fund, Superannuation Fund, Employee’s State Insurance etc. and contribution to these plans are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred, as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions.

• Defined Benefit Plans Gratuity:

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the “Gratuity Plan”) covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee’s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company’s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. Remeasurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur directly in other comprehensive income. They are included in retained earnings in the Statement of changes in Equity and in the Balance Sheet. Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognized immediately in the Statement of profit and loss as past service cost. Remeasurements are not reclassified to Profit or Loss in subsequent periods.

The net interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net balance of the defined benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets. This cost is included in employee benefit expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Provident Fund:

In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable by the trust to the beneficiaries every year is notified by the Government. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investment of the trust and interest as per the notified rate. The Company’s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit Method) at the end of the year. Measurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur directly in other comprehensive income. They are included in retained earnings in the Statement of changes in Equity and in the Balance Sheet. Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognized immediately in the Statement of profit and loss as past service cost. Remeasurements are not reclassified to Profit or Loss in subsequent periods. Pension:

The Company provides for retirement/post-retirement benefits for certain employees in the form of Pension (Non-funded) which are in the nature of Defined Benefit Plans. Such benefits are provided for on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation done at the year-end using Projected Unit Credit Method. Measurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur directly in other comprehensive income. They are included in retained earnings in the Statement of changes in Equity and in the Balance Sheet. Remeasurements are not reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.

Compensated Absences:

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year and are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as other long term employee benefits. The Company’s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/gains are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise. Voluntary Retirement Scheme:

Expenditure on voluntary retirement scheme is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which incurred.

Share based Payments The Company does not provide any equity-based compensation to its employees. However, the parent Company, Colgate Palmolive Company, U.S.A. (“the grantor”) maintains equity incentive plans that provide for the grant of stock-based awards to its executive directors and certain categories of officers and employees. The 2009 Executive Incentive Compensation Plan and 2013 Incentive Compensation Plan (“Incentive Plan”) provides for the grant of non-qualified and incentive stock options, as well as restricted stock units which are together referred to as employee stock options. Exercise prices in the case of nonqualified and incentive stock options are

not less than the fair value of the underlying common stock of the grantor on the date of grant.

A stock option gives an employee, the right to purchase shares of Colgate Palmolive Company common stock at a fixed price for a specific period of time. Stock options generally have a term of six years and vest over three years.

A restricted stock unit (RSU) provides an employee with a share of Colgate Palmolive Company common stock upon vesting. Restricted stock units vest in annual installments generally over a period of three years. Dividends will accrue with each restricted stock unit award granted subsequent to grant date.

Employee Stock Options (ESOPs’) issued by the parent entity are accounted for as equity-settled as the Company has no obligation to settle the share-based payment transaction and also the shares are of parent Company. Company recognizes the expense over the vesting period, which is the period over which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied, as determined on the grant date, based on the fair value of the options/RSUs. At the end of each period, the entity revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to vest based on the non-market vesting and service conditions. It recognizes the impact of the revision to original estimates, if any, in the Statement of Profit and Loss, with a corresponding adjustment to equity.

In case where there is a clear link between the recharge from the parent company and the expense, Company accounts for the recharge as capital distribution even if the amount of recharge is more than the expense recognized over the vesting period (as the recharge is based on the intrinsic value).

In case where the employee has not served the Company during the vesting period and for which they get the debit note from

parent, the cost is debited to management recharge expense.

Further, where the management recharge is not expected from the parent entity as the employee has been relocated to another group company i.e. the employee is not expected to render future services to the Company at the time of exercise of option, the Company transfers the proportionate amount of share options outstanding account related to such employees to Retained Earnings, after taking into consideration the probability of employees re-locating back to the Company.

(o) Income Tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with prevailing income tax law. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in the tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulations are subject to interpretation and establishes provisions where appropriate.

The Company evaluates whether it has any uncertain tax positions which requires adjustments to provision for current tax. The Company has ongoing disputes with Income Tax Authorities on various matters. In respect of certain allowance/deductions, it is probable that such positions will not be accepted by Tax authorities and hence the same has been considered and adequately provided for while calculating current tax provision of the respective years. In respect of certain allowances/ deductions taken by the Company, it is probable that such disputes will be accepted by Tax authorities and hence the same have been considered and disclosed as a part of Contingent Liability.

• Current Tax

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and

there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

• Deferred Tax

Deferred tax is recognized for all the deductible temporary differences by using the liability method, only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company reassesses unrecognized deferred tax assets, if any.

Deferred tax relating to items recognized outside profit or loss is recognized either in other comprehensive income or in equity. Deferred tax items are recognized in correlation to the underlying transaction either in OCI or directly in equity. Unrecognized deferred tax assets are reassessed at each reporting date and are recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.

(p) Segment Reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”). The CODM, who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments, has been identified as the Managing Director and Finance Director of the Company. The Company has identified ‘Personal Care (including Oral Care)’ as its only primary reportable segment, which primarily includes products such as Soaps, Cosmetics and Toilet Preparations.

(q) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments.

(r) Offsetting Financial Instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the balance sheet when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

(s) Contributed Equity

Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax.

(t) Earnings Per share

i. Basic Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing:

• the profit attributable to owners of the Company

• By the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year.

ii. Diluted Earnings per share

Diluted earnings per share adjust the figures used in the determination of basic earnings per share to take into account:

• the after income tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and

• The weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2. CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND JUDGMENTS

The preparation of financial statements requires the use of accounting estimates which, by definition, will seldom equal the actual results. This note provides an overview of the areas that involved a higher degree of judgment or complexity, and of items which are more likely to be materially adjusted due to estimates and assumptions turning out to be different than those originally assessed. Detailed information about each of these estimates and judgments is included in relevant notes together with information about the basis of calculation for each affected line item in the financial statements.

The areas involving critical estimates or judgments are:

- Estimation of defined benefit obligation (Note 29)

- Estimation of Useful life of Property, plant and equipment and intangibles (Note 3)

- Estimation of taxes (Note 20 and 32)

- Estimation of impairment of trade receivables (Note 9)

- Estimation of provision and contingent liabilities (Note 25 and 33)

- Estimation of Share based payments to employees (Note 39)

- Estimation of variable consideration in respect of revenue recognition (Refer Note 1B(m) and Note 26)

Estimates and judgments are continually evaluated. They are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that may have a financial impact on the Company and that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.